Xeroderma called dry skin that is neither inherited, is still associated with systemic abnormalities. Xeroderma or xerodermia (also known as xerosis cutis, obtained from the Greek words for “dry skin.”

Xeroderma is caused by the delayed rejection of the cells of the outermost skin layer, thereby fine white flakes formed. This is a condition involving the integumentary system, which in most cases posterior reliably be treated with moisturizers and emollients creams. Xeroderma happens most commonly on the arms, hands, scalp, lower legs, forearms, the knuckles, the sides of the abdomen, and thighs.

There are the following risk factors for xerosis:

Xeroderma (dry skin) is not inherited, or contagious is still linked with systemic abnormalities. Xeroderma is caused by the delayed rejection of the cells of the outermost skin layer, thereby fine white flakes formed. There are the following risk factors for xerosis: stay in a dry, cold climate Older age Atopic Dermatitis Frequent bathing, especially when using sharp soaps Diagnosis of skin dryness is made based on a clinical evaluation. Xeroderma (xerosis) on an extremity

Symptoms most linked with xeroderma are scaling (the noticeable peeling of the outer skin layer), itching, and skin cracks.

Common Causes
Xeroderma is a very common condition. It occurs more often in the winter when the cold air outdoors and the hot air inside develops a low relative humidity. This makes the skin’s moisture dissipate, and it can peel and crack. Bathing or hand was washing excessively, particularly if one is using unrelenting soaps, can contribute to xeroderma. Xeroderma can be proudced by a deficiency of vitamin D, vitamin A, severe sunburn, systemic illness, or some medicine. Xeroderma can be produced by choline inhibitors. Detergents such a dishwashing liquid and washing powder can cause xeroderma.

Today, many creams and lotions, commonly based on vegetable oils/ kinds of butter, petroleum oils/jellies, and even lanolin[4] are widely available. As a preventive action, such products may be rubbed onto the affected area as needed (often every other day) to stop dry skin. The skin is then patted dry to prevent extraction of natural lipids from the skin.

Repeated application (generally over a few days) of emollients or skin lotions/emollients to the impacted area will likely end in a quick alleviation of xeroderma. In particular, the application of highly occlusive barriers to moisture, such as petrolatum, vegetable oils/ kinds of butter, and mineral oil have been shown to offer excellent results. Many individuals find special commercial skin creams and lotions (often comprising oils, kinds of butter, and or waxes emulsified in water) quite useful (although individual preferences and results vary among the vast array of commercially available creams). Lanolin, a natural mixture of lipids procured from sheep’s wool, helps restore natural lipids in human skin and has been employed since ancient times (and in modern medicine) as amongst the most powerful treatments for xeroderma.

Though, lanolin is a popular allergen. Also, pure lanolin is a dense waxy substance which, for many individuals, proves challenging and inconvenient for general use on dry skin (particularly over large areas of the body). As a result, many formed lanolin products, having softer compatibility than pure lanolin, are available.


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