When the gum tissue’s edge wears away or pulls back, more of the tooth or root is seen. This condition is known as gum recession. Gum recession is the process whereby the gums recede, leaving “pockets” or gaps that are easy for disease-causing bacteria to collect between the teeth and gum line. Tooth loss might eventually happen if the bone and tissue components supporting the teeth are not restored.
Gum recession is a typical dental condition. Due to the progressive nature of gum recession, most people are unaware they have it. Tooth sensitivity is frequently the initial symptom of gum recession; however, you can also notice that a tooth seems longer than usual. Usually, a notch is felt close to the gum line.
Gum recession is a problem that you shouldn’t neglect. Call your dentist to schedule an appointment if you believe your gums are receding. Some procedures can restore the gum’s health and stop additional harm.
Why Do Gums Recede?
Your gums may recede as a result of a variety of circumstances, such as:
Periodontal diseases. These bacterial gum infections kill the supporting bone and gum tissue that keep your teeth in place. Gum recession is mostly brought on by gum disease.
Your genes. Gum disease may affect certain persons more frequently. Despite how carefully they take care of their teeth, research suggests that 30% of people may be prone to gum disease.
Aggressive tooth brushing: Too much pressure or improper technique when brushing your teeth can degrade and damage the enamel on your teeth and cause gum recession.
Insufficient dental care. Plaque may easily convert into dental tartar (Calculus). This hard material develops on and between your teeth and can only be eliminated by a professional dental cleaning due to inadequate brushing, flossing, and mouthwash use. A recession of the gums may result.
Hormonal changes. Throughout a woman’s lifespan, changes in female hormone levels, such as those that occur during different life stages: puberty, pregnancy, and menopause, whichmake gums more susceptible to gum recession.
Tobacco products. Smokers are more likely to have sticky plaque on their teeth, which can lead to gum recession and is difficult to remove.
Suppose you are Grinding and clenching your teeth. Too much pressure from teeth clenching or grinding can cause gums to retreat.
Body piercing of the lip or tongue. Jewelry can irritate and rub the gums to the point where gum tissue is lost.
How Is Gum Recession Treated?
Your dentist may be able to cure mild gum recession by thoroughly cleaning the afflicted region. Plaque and tartar collected on the teeth and root surfaces below the gum line are meticulously removed during a thorough cleaning, also known as tooth scaling and root planing, and the exposed root region is smoothed to make it more difficult for germs to adhere. Antibiotics may also be administered to eradicate any hazardous germs that may still exist.
If your gum recession cannot be treated with deep cleaning because of significant bone loss and deep pockets, gum surgery may be required to repair the damage caused by gum recession.
What Type of Surgery Is Used to Treat Gum Recession?
The following surgical procedures are used to treat gum recession:
Open flap scaling and root planing dentist or periodontist (gum doctor) folds back the damaged gum tissue during this operation, eliminates the dangerous germs from the pockets, and then firmly secures the gum tissue over the tooth root, eradicating or shrinking the pockets.:
Regeneration: A treatment to replace lost bone and tissue may be advised if gum recession has eroded the bone that supports your teeth. Your dentist will fold back the gum tissue and vacate the germs, similar to pocket depth removal. Your body will then be prompted to spontaneously rebuild bone and tissue in that location by applying a regenerative substance, such as a membrane, graft tissue, or tissue-stimulating protein. Following the placement of the regeneration material, the gum tissue is fastened over the tooth or teeth’s root.
Soft tissue graft: There are several gum tissue graft techniques, but the connective tissue graft is the one that is most frequently employed. In this treatment, the roof of your mouth (palate) is sliced into a flap of skin, and tissue from beneath the flap—known as subepithelial connective tissue—is taken and then sewn to the gum tissue around the exposed root. After the connective tissue, or graft, has been removed from beneath the flap, it is stitched in place. A free gingival graft is a different type of transplant that takes tissue right from the roof of the mouth as opposed to from beneath the skin. The dentist may be able to graft gum from close to the tooth and avoid removing tissue from the palate if there is adequate gum tissue covering the impacted teeth. An example of this is a pedicle transplant.
Your dentist can choose the best technique to perform on you based on your particular needs.
How Can I Prevent Gum Recession?
The best defense against gum recession is regular oral hygiene. You should visit your dentist or periodontist at least twice a year, or more frequently if advised, and brush and floss your teeth daily. Your dentist might need to visit you more frequently if you have gum recession. Ask your dentist to demonstrate how to properly clean your teeth, and always use a toothbrush with soft bristles. Consult your dentist about how to address the issue if your teeth grinding or an improperly aligned bite are to blame for your gum recession. Additional measures to stop gum recession include:
If you smoke, stop doing so.
Consume a balanced, healthful diet.
Keep an eye on any oral changes that could take place.
You can keep your smile healthy if you take proper care of your teeth.