What is Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)

welcome-to-your-first-trimester_17Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) has a large variety of symptoms, including tender breast, mood swings, food cravings, depression, irritability, and fatigue. It is estimated that as three of every four menstruating women have experienced some form or premenstrual syndrome.

Symptoms tend to recur in a predictable pattern. But the physical and emotional changes you experience with premenstrual syndrome may vary from just slightly noticeable all the way to intense.

Still, you don;t have to let these problem control your life. Treatments and lifestyle adjustments can help you reduce the symptoms and signs of premenstrual syndrome

Symptoms of Premenstrual Syndrome
The list of potential signs and symptoms of premenstrual syndrome is quite extensive. But most women will experience only a few of these signs.

Emotional and behavioral symptoms

Depression and moodiness
Tension or anxiety
Mood Swings and Irritability or anger
Crying spells
Social withdrawal
Poor concentration
Trouble Falling asleep (insomnia)
Appetite changes and food cravings

Physical symptoms and signs
Tiredness and Fatigue
Breast Tenderness
Acne Flare-ups
Constipation or diarrhea
Weight gain related to fluid retention
Abdominal bloating

For some women, the physical pain and emotional stress that is severe enough to affect their daily lives. Notwithstanding, symptom severity the signs and symptoms with four days and start of the menstrual period of most women.

A small number of women suffer from disabling symptoms every month. This form of PMS is referred to a premenstrual dysphoric disorder PMDD
PMDD symptoms include mood swings, anxiety, feeling overwhelmed, a challenge to concentrate, tension and irritability and anger.

Exactly what causes premenstrual syndrome is not understood, but several factors may contribute to the condition.

Cyclic shifts in hormones. Signs and symptoms of premenstrual syndrome charge with hormonal functions and disappear with menopause and pregnancy.
Chemicals changes in the brain – changes of serotonin, the brain chemical (neurotransmitter) that is thought to play a critical role in a person’s mood, could trigger PMS symptoms, Insufficient quantities of serotonin may contribute to premenstrual depression, as well as to food cravings, fatigue and sleep problems.
Depression – Some women with the severe premenstrual syndrome have undiagnosed depression, though depression alone does not cause all of the symptoms.

Test and Diagnosis for PMS

There is no unique physical findings or laboratory test to diagnose the premenstrual syndrome positively. Your physician can attribute a particular symptom to PMS if it is part of your predictable premenstrual pattern.

To assist in the establishment of a premenstrual pattern, your doctor may have your document your signs and symptoms on a calendar or in a diary for a least two menstrual cycles. Note the day that you that your first notice PMS symptoms, as well as the day fade. Also be sure to mark the days your period starts and ends.

PMS Treatment and Drugs

For many women, lifestyle modifications can help relieve. PMS symptoms. But depending on the severity of your symptoms, your physician can prescribe one or more medicines for premenstrual syndrome. The success of medications in alleviating symptoms varies from woman to woman. Commonly prescribed medications for premenstrual syndrome include:

Antidepressant. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) – which include fluoxetine (Sarafem, Prozac) paroxetine (Paxil, Prexeva), sertraline (Zoloft) and others- have been successful in reducing mood symptoms, SSRIs are the first-line treatment of severe PMS or PMDD. These drugs are deep breathing daily. But for some women with PMS, use of antidepressants may be restricted to the two weeks before menstruation begins.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) Taken before or tat the onset of your period. NSAIDs such as ibuprofen (Advil Motirb IB ) or naproxen (Naprosyn, Aleve) can ease cramping and breast discomfort.
Diuretics. When exercise and limiting salt intake are not enough to reduce the weight gain, bloating and swelling of PMS, taking the water pill (diuretic) can help ou body shed extra fluid through your kidneys. Spironolactone (Aldactone) is a diuretic that can help reduce some of the symptoms of PMS.
Hormonal contraceptive. These prescription remedies stop ovulation, which may bring left from PMS symptoms.

Lifestyle and home remedies
You can sometimes manage to reduce of premenstrual syndrome by making changes in the way you eat, exercise and approach daily life. Try these contribute to reducing.
Modify your feet
Eat smaller, more -frequent meals to reduce bloating and the sensation of fullness.
Limit salt and salty foods to reduce bloating DNA fluid retention
Choose foods high in complex copy rates, such as vegetables, whole grains, and fruits.
Choose foods rich in calcium. If you can not permit dairy products or are not getting adult calcium in your diet, a daily calcium supplement may help
Avoid caffeine and alcohol

Incorporate exercise into your routine

Engage in at least 30 minutes of brisk walking, cycling, swimming or other aerobic activity at least four days a week. Regular daily can help improve your overall health and alleviate certain symptoms, such as fatigue and a depressed mood.
Reduce Stress
Get plenty of sleep
Practice progressive muscle relaxation or deep breathing excuses to contribute to reducing headaches, anxiety or trouble sleeping (insomnia)
Try massage or yoga to relax.


Health Life Media Team