What is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome?

Polycystic ovary syndrome PCOS is a condition in which a woman’s hormones are out of balance. It can cause issues with woman’s period and complicate efforts to become pregnant. PCOS may also cause unwanted changes in the way you look. If you are not treated, serious health problems can develop over time, such as heart disease and diabetes.

Most women with PCOs develop several small cysts on their ovaries. This is called polycystic ovary syndrome. The cyst is not harmful but leads to hormone imbalances.

Early diagnosis and treatment can help control the symptoms and prevent long-term problems.

Hormones are chemical agents that provide messages that trigger many different processes, including growth and energy production, Often, the work of one hormone is to indicate the release of another hormone.

It is not quite understood, why PCOS the hormones get out of balance. One hormone get out of balance. One hormone switch triggers another, which changes another.

The sex hormones get out of balance. The ovaries make a tiny number of male sex hormones (androgens). In PCOS, they begin making slightly more androgens. This may cause you to stop ovulating, get acne, the grow extra facial and body hair.

The body may a problem using insulin, called insulin resistance. When the body does not use insulin well, blood sugar levels go up. Over time, this increases you chance of getting diabetes.

The cause of PCOS is not clearly known, but it is understood that genetics may play a factor. PCOS has evidence that it may run in families, so your chance of having it is higher if other women if your family hold it or have abnormal periods or diabetes. PCOs can be given to children from either the mother’s or father’s side.

Excess insulin is a hormone designed by the pancreas that allows cells to use sugar (glucose) your body primary energy supply. If you have insulin resistance, your capacity to use insulin efficiently is impaired, and your pancreas has to secrete more insulin to produce glucose accessible to cells. Excess insulin might also affect the ovaries by increasing androgen production.
Low-grade inflammation. Your body’s white blood cells produce a substance to fight infection in a response called inflammation.

detail_polycystic_ovary_syndromeSymptoms can be mild at first. You may have only a few signs or a lot of them. The most frequent symptoms are:

  • Acne.
  • Weight gain and challenges losing weight
  • Irregular periods – women with PCOS have fewer than nine periods a year. Some women do not have periods. Others have excessive bleeding.
  • Thinning of the scalp
  • Depression
  • Fertility problems
  • Extra hair on the face or body, Often women get darker and thicker more facial hair on the back, belly, and chest

Complications that occur from PCOS

  • Type 2 Diabetes
  • Gestational diabetes or pregnancy-induced high blood pressure
  • Abnormal uterine bleeding
  • Sleep apnea
  • Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis – severe liver inflammation caused by fat accumulation in the liver
  • Cholesterol and lipid abnormalities, such as elevated triglycerides or low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, the”good” cholesterol
  • Depression and anxiety
  • Abnormal uterine bleeding
  • Sleep apnea
  • Infertility
  • Metabolic syndrome – a cluster of symptoms that indicate a significantly increased risk of cardiovascular disease.
  • Cholesterol and lip abnormalities, such as elevated triglycerides or low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and good cholesterol.


Ask a question about your path health, symptoms, and menstrual cycles. He or she will conduct a physical exam to evaluate you for signs of PCOs, such as additional body hair and high blood pressure, the physician will also review your height and weight to see if you have a good body mass index (BMI).
A lab test can be done, to check the blood sugar, insulin, and other hormone levels test can help rule out thyroid or other gland problems.

You may have a pelvic ultrasound to evaluate cysts on your ovaries. You doctor may indicate that you have PCOS without an ultrasound test. This test will help or rule out other problems.

Regular activity, healthy foods, and weight control are the key treatments for PCOS. Treatment can decrease bothersome symptoms and help prevent long-term health concerns

Try to fit in medium activity and or robust activity often; Walking is a great exercise tat most people can do.
Eat heart – health foods. This includes lots of vegetables, whole grains, fruits, nuts, beans. It limits foods hat are high in saturated fats, such as fried foods, cheese, and meats.
Most women who have PCOS can be benefited from losing weight. Even losing 10IB or 4.5 kg get your hormones in balance and regulate your menstrual cycles.
If your smoke, think about quitting. Women who smoke have greater androgen levels that may present to PCOS symptoms.

Your doctor may also prescribe birth control pills to reduce symptoms metformin to help you have normal menstrual cycles, or fertility medicines if you are having trouble getting pregnant.

It is important to see your physician for the follow-up to make sure that treatment is working and to adjust it if needed. You may also need a regular test to check for diabetes. High blood pressure. Moreover, other possible problems.

It may take some time for treatment to help with symptoms such as facial hair or acne. You can use over the counter or precipitation medicines for acne.

Health Life Media Team