What is Pneumonia: Causes, Symptom & Treatment

pneumoniaPneumonia is a lung infection that is caused by bacteria generated from a virus or fungi. There are a variety of symptoms that can be mild or severe. There are many treatments that can be used in Pneumonia cases. These treatment depend on the type of pneumonia; bacterial or viral, the cause of the pneumonia, severity of the symptoms and the age of the patient, and their overall health.  In the majority of cases  healthy people will get better and fully recover from pneumonia in one to three weeks., however pneumonia can very dangerous and life-threatening. Pneumonia can be prevented with with an annual flu shot, as the flue can lead to pneumonia.

  • The most common symptoms of pneumonia  are a cough, which may have greenish, yellow mucus. There may also be bloody mucus.
  • Fever can be mild or high
  • shacking chills
  • Shortness of breath, you may not be able to climb the stairs
  • There can be sharp chest pain, that feels like stabling while a deep breath is taken
  •  Headaches,
  • Excessive sweating and clammy skin
  •  Loss of appetite and tiredness
  • Confusion

Symptom can vary  depending on whether pneumonia is bacterial or viral.

In bacterial pneumonia, a person can experience  a temperature as high as 105 degrees Fahrenheit . This bacteria also causes significant sweating and increase breathing and pulse rate.  The color of the lips and nail-beds can be blueish because there is lower oxygen in the blood, which will also cause the patient some confusion and disillusionment. Viral pneumonia, has the same symptoms as influenza. There can be headaches, dry  cough, muscle pain, weakness, and weakness. The condition often deteriorates in the next 12-36 hours.

Scientist have also began to understand the connection between infections and causes of pneumonia, and worsening pneumonia. these is basically due to atypical bacteria called Mycoplasma pneumoniaethat is most commonly responsible for walking pneumonia, which is a milder form of pneumonia. Walking pneumonia is much more common in school age children and is common in older children, teens, infants and toddlers and preschool age.

pneumonia2Pneumonia Diagnoses

  • Pneumonia can be diagnosed through a physical exam. The physician will use a stethoscope to listen to the lungs, In cases of pneumonia, there will be a crackling, rumbling or bubbling sound when air in inhaled, There can also be some wheezing. It can be also hard to hear sounds of breathing.
  • A x-ray of the chest will be routine.
  • There are some patients that will need additional test such as:
    • CBC blood count test
    • Check the blood gases in the arterial to see if  enough oxygen is getting to the lungs
    • CT or CAT scan  on the chest to see how well the lungs are functioning
    • Pleural fluid culture  in area around the lungs to see if there are any fluids.
    • Pulse oximetry to measure how much blood is moving through the bloodstream. This is done with s small clip at the finger.
    •  Bronchosopy will look at the lungs and airways, and is usually performed if antibiotics are not working well.
    • A sputum test will look for organisms or bacteria, that can be detected from saliva,

Treatments for Pneumonia

There are multiple treatments that can be used for pneumonia. You can  use several of these treatment options to cure pneumonia and other related affections. Most people don’t not have to go the hospital or go see a doctor, if they have pneumonia.

  • The patient should have plenty of fluids to help loosen scrections and bring up phlegm
  • Get alot of rest.
  • You may need to take cough medicine, but you should talk to your doctor before, because cough medicine may make it difficult to cough up extra sputum.
  • You should make sure you do not have a fever, you can take non steroidal, anti-inflammatory drugs, and acetaminophen, such as ibuprofen, or naproxen, and NSAIDS.

Healthy person can have  normal life after someone can have the recovery from pneumonia. For inindividualsho are middle age, it can take a few weeks for theme to gain there regular strength.

 

Health Life Media Team