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Herpes is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases (STD) that a sexually active person can get. Most individuals who get the virus do not have any symptoms. It is important to know that even without the symptoms or signs of the disease. It can still spread to other sexual partners.
What is genital Herpes?
Genital herpes is an STD caused by two types of virus. The viruses are known as herpes simplex type 1 and herpes simplex type 2.
How common is genital Herpes?
Genital herpes is a common in the United States. 1 out of every six people aged 16- 49 have genital herpes.
Herpes spread by having vaginal, anal or oral sex with someone who already has the disease. Also, fluids found in a herpes sore can carry the virus, contact with those fluids can cause infection. However, you can get herpes from someone who is infected, yet does not have any visible sores, or ma not know he or she is infected with the virus because the virus can be transmitted through to the skin, and spread to the sex partner.
How to reduce the risk of getting herpes?
The only way to avoid the risk of herpes is not to have vaginal, anal or oral sex. If you sexually have, you can take precautions to reduce the chances of getting herpes.
Being in a long=term mutually monogamous relationship with a person who ha been tested and has negative STD results.
Correctly using latex condoms, every time you have sex.
Herpes symptoms can still occur in both male and female genital areas that utilize a condom. Outbreaks also occur in areas that are not cover by condoms, so condoms will not fully protect you from herpes.
Pregnancy and Herpes.
If you are pregnant and is diagnosed with genital herpes, it is, even more, critical that you receive prenatal care. You have to tell your doctor, that you have had symptoms, or have been exposed, or diagnosed with genital herpes. In some cases genital herpes infection can lead to miscarriages. It can result in early delivery as well. Herpes can be passed on to the unborn child and cause a deadly infection called neonatal herpes. It is essential that you avoid getting herpes during pregnancy.
If you have herpes during you pregnancy, you may be given herpes medication towards the end of the pregnancy to lower the risk of haveing the symptoms and likelihood of passing the disease to your baby. At the time of delivery, the doctor will examine you fro symptoms. If you do, have herpes. Symptoms, the doctor, will usually perform a ‘C-section.
How Do I Know if I have Genital Herpes?
Most people who have herpes will have no or very mild signs and symptoms. It is possible not to notice mild symptoms, or you may mistake them for skin condition such as a rash, pimple or ingrown here. Because of this, most people who have herpes do not know it.
Genital herpes sores appear as one or several blisters on or around the genital, rectum or mouth area. Thes blisters break, leaving painful sores that can take weeks to heal. These symptoms are referred to a herpes outbreaks. The first outbreak may be accompanied by flu-like symptoms, such as swollen glands, fever and body aches.
Having Multiple outbreaks are common, for genital herpes. Especially if it is the first year of infection. Read outbreaks are shorter and less severe than the first outbreak. The herpes infection stays in the body for the rest of your life. However, the number of outbreaks will decrease over a period of years.
The best way to know, it is to get examined by your doctor, if you noticed any symptoms or if your party has an STD or symptoms from an STD, such a smelly discharge, bruig when urinating, or for women bleeding in between periods
How will the doctor know it is Herpes?
Often the doctor will be able to diagnose genital herpes by looking at your symptoms. A sample from the sore(s) can be taken to test. You should be honest about your sexual partners and your sexual activity for your health care provider to make sure you are tested appropriately for the common STDS.
Is there a cure for Herpes?
There is no cure for herpes; There are medications that can be used to prevent and/or shorten outbreaks. One of these herpes medications can be taken daily, which makes it less probable that you will pass the infection on to your sex partner(s)
What happens if herpes is not treated?
When herpes is not treated, it can cause painful genital sores, which can become dangerous for people with suppressed immune systems. If you touch your sores or fluids from sores, you can spread the herpes infection to another part of the body, such as the eyes. Do not touch sores or fluid to avoid spreading herpes to other parts of your body. If you touch the sores or fluid, immediately clean and wash your hands thoroughly to help prevent spreading the infection.
People with genital herpes have common concerns about how it will impact the overall health, sex life and relationships. You should communicate these concerns wit your doctor. Realizing that there is no cure for herpes is important so that you take precaution in managing the disease. If you have been diagnosed with genital herpes, it may affect how you feel about your current and future sexual partners. It is important to talk to your sexual partners about the STD, You can find one resource here: GYT Campaign.
Can I still have sex if I have herpes?
If you have genital herpes, you should immediately tell your sex partners, and let that person know that you do have the disease and the risk involved in having sex. Using condoms may help lower your risk of transmitting the disease, but it will not completely remove the risk. Having sores or symptoms will increase the risk fo spreading the disease. Note> Even without symptoms you can infect your sex partners.
Is there a connection between genital herpes and HIV?
Because genital herpes causes sores and breaks in the skin, the lining of the mouth, vagina and rectum,. These sores can bleed easily, causing increase risk of HIV transmission, if you have HIV or your partner has HIV. The is a much higher chance that the HIV will be transmitted through the sores or breaking in the skin through the mouth, vagina, rectum or even the skin where no visible breaks appear.
What the Lick between oral herpes (Cold sores on the mouth ) and genital herpes?
Oral herpes, such as cold sores or fever blisters on and around the mouth is caused by HSV-1. Most people are infected with HSV-1 during their childhood from non-sexual contact. This may be a kiss from a relative, r friend with oral herpes. More than half the U.S population has HSV-1 even if they show no signs of the symptoms. HSV-1 can also spread from the mouth to the genitals through oral sex; this is why there some cases of genital herpes caused by HSV-1
Where can I get more information?
Division of STD Prevention (DSTDP)
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Personal health inquiries and information about STDs:
CDC-INFO Contact Center
TTY: (888) 232-6348
CDC National Prevention Information Network (NPIN)
P.O. Box 6003
Rockville, MD 20849-6003
American Sexual Health Association (ASHA)
P. O. Box 13827
Research Triangle Park, NC 27709-3827