What is Dementia – Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention

DementiaDementia is not a specific disease, but rather a combination of a wide range of symptoms that affect a persons mental capacity enough to where it interferes with there daily life. One common  sign is memory loss and Alzheimer’s Disease is a type of  dementia. Dementia is a term that describes  symptoms that are associated with decline in thinking skills. Alzheimer’s disease accounts for 60%  to 80% of dementia cases. Vascular Dementia is also common it happens after a stroke. There are many different conditions that can cause dementia, some are reversible. Dementia can occur from thyroid issues or vitamin deficiencies. Dementia is often incorrectly referred to as “senility” or “senile dementia”, which  incorrect belief that dementia and mental decline is a normal part of aging.

Main symptoms of  Dementia.

The symptoms of dementia can vary significantly, there must be at least too core cognitive functions that are greatly impaired during dementia. 1) memory 2)loss of communication  and  language skills, 3) Ability to stay focused and pay attention 4) Reasoning and judgement ability and 5) vision and perception.

Those with dementia will often have short term memory loss. They may not be able to keep track of there wallet, how to prepare meals, appointments, travelling through familiar areas, such, as their neighborhood. or paying bills.

Note: Many people experience memory loss for one reason or another. It does not indicate that person has Alzheimer’s disease or dementia. There are many different causes of  memory loss, you or your loved one are experiencing dementia-like symptoms you should contact your doctor.

Many  types of dementia are progressive, this means that that start off slow and gradually worsens. If you or your loved one is experiencing memory loss, and changing and thinking ability, t’s important not to ignore them. You should go to a doctor to see what the possible cause, as medical evaluation can indicate a treatable condition. Even if dementia is detected, early diagnosis can help you or your love get the maximum benefit from treatments and the ability to participate in clinical  drug and treatment trials or studies, that may be helpful. You will also be able to make plans earlier that will help you  in you or your loved one’s future care.

Brain cell damage causes  Dementia.

The brain cell damage will interfere with its ability to communicate with each other. If the brain cells can not communicate clearly to other brain cells,  it will cause, thinking and cognitive behavior and feelings to be affected. There are many unique regions of the brain, that are responsible for different functions and abilities. There are parts responsible for movement, emotions, memory, judgement, analytical and critical thinking, and language processing. When cells of those regions are damaged, those functions will be affected.

There are different types of dementia, that are associated with types of brain damage to particular parts of the brain. An example would be Alzheimer’s disease in which significant levels of protein make it difficult for  he hippo campus region of the brain to stay healthy and communicate effectively with other parts of the brain. The hippo campus is the center memory and learning. This why memory loss one of the first symptoms in Alzheimer’s Disease. There are other changes that will follow memory and thinking problems in dementia:

  1. Depression
  2. Medicinal Side effects
  3. Excessive Alcohol Usage
  4. Thyroid Problems
  5. Vitamin Deficiency

However, these can be improved when dementia is treated.

When diagnosing Dementia, there is no one test that can accurate diagnosis dementia, Doctors will diagnose Alzheimer’s and other types of dementia based on medical history, laboratory test, physical examinations and behavior evaluation and interviews. There are daily behavior patterns that are associated with different types of dementia. It can be difficult to determine the exact type of dementia. This is because the brain functions will change based on the type damage that is done. It will be necessary to see a neurologist or a gero-psychologist.

There are treatments of dementia will depend on the cause. Tn most cases of dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease, it is progressive and there is no cure and treatments that slows or stop its progression. There are some treatments that may temporarily improve the symptoms, but will not address the underlying cause. Ultimately more research is needed to find the path to better treatments and cure through increased clinical studies and trials. Currently, volunteers are urgently needed to participate in more than 180+actively enrolling clinical studies and trials about Alzheimer’s and related dementia.

Some risk factors such as genetics and age cannot be changed, but scientist are exploring the impact of other factors may have on the brain. The most active areas of research are in risk reduction and prevention. You can help protect your brain with some of the same strategies that protect your heart – by not  smoking; tkeep your blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar within recommended limits; and maintain a healthy weight. A Healthy diet, full with nutrients that the brain needs can help protect the brain. Diets, such as the Mediterranean diet my help, because it includes very little read meat.  Physical exercise,  can help lower the risk of certain types of dementia. Exercise can help the flow of oxygen and blood to the brain.