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Coronavirus information is constantly developing due to being so new
What is Covid-19 – the disease that started in Wuhan?
It is triggered by a known user of the coronavirus family that has never been encountered before, but like other coronaviruses, it has come from animals. Many of those initially contaminated either worked or frequently shopped within the Huanan seafood wholesale market in the center of the town within Wuhan, China.
Exactly what are the observable symptoms this coronavirus causes?
Individuals who have contracted the disease are reported to suffer dry coughs, breathing difficulty, and fever. In severe cases, there may be organ failure. Symptoms have been observed to appear from 2-14 from infection, however, many infected people are asymptomatic and may not know they are infected. Recovery will depend on the strength of the infected person’s immune system as antibiotics are ineffective against a virus. A large number of those individuals who have died were already in poor health and may have had poor immune responses.
Should I go to the doctor if I’m exhibiting symptoms?
In the US, the current medical advice for those who have recently traveled to areas suffering from coronavirus or exhibiting symptoms are to:
Stay indoors and avoid contact with other people while you would if sick with the flu.
Call 911 if you begin to have trouble breathing or show severe signs of illness.
How many people have been been impacted?
The outbreak has impacted over 88,000 people globally at the time of 1 March, 2020. In mainland China, there have been 2,870 deaths among over 79,000 cases. More than 41,000 people impacted in Asia have already recovered.
Coronavirus map: how Covid-19 is spreading over the globe
The coronavirus has spread to at least the other 50 other countries, the absolute most highly impacted include Japan, with 850 cases, including 691 from the cruise liner docked in Yokohama and 4 deaths. Italy has recorded at least 1,100 cases and 29 fatalities, while South Korea has recorded more than 3,500 cases and 8 deaths. There have also been fatalities in Hong Kong, Taiwan, France, the US, Australia and the Philippines.
Exactly why is this worse than normal influenza, and just how worried are the specialists?
Because this Coronavirus is still new, there is little information available. The mortality rate is just about 2% in the epicenter associated with the outbreak, Hubei province. Every year globally, for contrast, regular flu typically has a mortality rate below 1% and is thought to cause about 400,000 deaths. SARS had a death rate greater than 10%.
Another critical unknown is how contagious the coronavirus is. A significant difference point, unlike flu, is that there is no a vaccine for the latest variation of coronavirus. Meaning it is more difficult for vulnerable members associated with the population – elderly individuals or individuals with current respiratory or immune problems – to protect themselves. Hand-washing and avoiding other people if you are feeling unwell are very important. One action that is sensible is getting the flu vaccine, which will reduce the weight significantly on health services if the outbreak turns into a wider epidemic.
Have there been other coronaviruses?
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) are both due to coronaviruses that came from animals. In 2002, SARS spread virtually unchecked to 37 countries, triggering a panic that globally infected more than 8,000 people and killed more than 750. MERS seems to be less easily passed from human to human, but has greater lethality, killing 35% of about 2,500 people who’ve been contaminated.
Is the outbreak a pandemic, and should we panic?
No. A pandemic, by definition, is “the global spread of the disease”. The expansion of the virus outside China is worrying; however, a development is not expected. The WHO has announced the outbreak to be a worldwide health concern. The biggest unknowns about the virus are exactly how transmissible it is between people and what proportion become seriously ill and end up requiring treatment. Often viruses that spread effortlessly tend to have a milder impact. Generally, the coronavirus seems to be hitting seniors hardest, with few cases in children.