What is Cardiovascular Disease?


Cardiovascular Disease is a disease of the heart and blood vessels, its also called heart disease. Heart disease can include many different problems, which are associates with atheroscleroisis. Atheroscierosis is a ailment that develops when there plaque built up around the arteries. This buildup narrows the arteries and makes it more difficult for blood to transfer through. If blood clots were to from in the artery, it can cause the blood to stop flowing, which will lead to a heart attack or a stroke.

A heart attack is occurs when the flow of blood to the heart is blocked in some form by a blood clot. In the event that a clot cuts of the blood flow completely, the part of the heart muscle that is suppose to receive that blood will begin to die. Most people do survive there first heart attack and are able to heal and return to their normal lives over time. But if a person has an heart attack there are changes that they they would need to make to live prevent it from happening again. The doctor will also advise the person particular medication and lifestyle changes to make based on how badly the heart was damaged and which level of heart disease caused the heart.

The most common type of cardiovascular disease is an ischemic stroke. This happens when a blood vessel that feeds the brain is blocked by blood clot. THis when the supply of blood to the brain is shut down. The brain becomes damaged and brain cells begin to die. This will result in the inability to carry out particular functions that are associated with that part of the brain. They could be walking or talking. A hemorrhagic stroke occurs when a blood vessel in the brain burst. This s cause by an uncontrolled hypertension.

The effects of a stroke can very some are permanent if too many brain cells die after a stroke due to not enough blood and oxygen sent to the brain. These cells can not be replaced. The good news is many brain cells do not die, but just temporally shut down. These cells will come back online and repair themselves. Over time the repairs will get some of the body functions back to normal. Other brain cells may take control of areas that were damaged and strength will improve over time., such as speech, memory, motor skills. This reovery process is usually done with the help of rehabilitation.

Heart failure does mean the heart stop, it is called congestive heart failure, and the heart still pumps blood ,but the body need for oxygen is not being met. This means the heart can not keep up with the workload that’s need to provide oxygen to all the critical cells in the body.

An Arrthythnmia s an abnormal rhythm in heart pumping. There various types of arrththmias, The heart beat can be either too slow, or fast or beat irregularly, Bradycardia is when the heart iis being less than 60 beats a minute and Tachcardia is when there more than 100 beats per minute.

Heart value issues happen in stenosis, when the blood values in the heart do not open up enough to allow the flow blood to go through freely. It is called regurgitation, when the heart valves  don’t close properly and allow blood to leak through. Mitral valve prolapsed is when the value leaflets bulge or  the value prolapse back into the heart’s upper chamber.