Atherothrombosis (AT) is the underlying condition is a leading cause of death around the world. AT causes of heart attacks, stroke, and peripheral artery disease (narrowing or obstruction created by cholesterol impacting the function of the arteries that supply blood flow to the legs.
The risk factors of AT are high blood pressure, cholesterol, and obesity, AT is the prevalent link between all these conditions and risk factors. However, this silent killer goes largely unrecognized by most people. It is the leading cause of mortality in the industrialized world.
AT is characterized by atherosclerotic tumors that form with thrombus development that overlay organs and cells within the body. It is the major trigger of acute coronary syndromes (ACS).
Atherosclerosis si a diffused process that starts early in childhood and progresses without signs or symptom
s throughout adult life. Later in life, it is clinically observable as coronary artery disease, transient ischaemic attack, strokes, and peripheral arterial disease. AT is a singular pathology occurs that effects different vascular areas.
Atherothrombosis is a global disease, which means that anyone can develop the diseases. If someone has atherothrombosis affecting their heart if they have had a previous heart, they are likely to have additional symptoms of atherothrombosis affecting their limbs and even brain, predisposing them to a stroke or peripheral artery disease.
AT begins when deposits such as cholesterol mount up in the walls of our arteries. Over time these deposits, also known as plaque, inhibits the flow of oxygen-rich blood all around the body. This is a gradual process, which occurs over the years.
As blood flows over the platelets, stress forces are exerted on the planar surface. Over time, the plaque may rupture. This acute event causes platelets in the blood to stick to the place and other platelets forming a blood clot.
This cloth (or thrombus) can limit or completely stop the flow of blood to part of the heart of brain, giving rise to attack or stroke. That’s why it is critical to treat atherothrombosis and reduce the risk of a life-the retaining clot forming.
Heart Patients – Being AT Aware
Heart patients must be aware that,if they have suffered a heart attack, they also have a condition that may affect the entire body including the brain and leads as well.
Acknowledging this, patients can take active steps to reduce theirs AT risk factors, such as seeking appropriate treatment and make lifestyle changes. Data and research show that heart attack patients are not only five times more likely to suffer a perfect heart attack than the overall population, but their hazard of having a stroke is tripled. Heart attack patients are also at an increased risk of developing PAD – Peripheral arterial disease.
Antiplatelet Agents for the Treatment
States from the Reach Registry- a worldwide survey of atherothrombosis patients – recommend that on average around one in eight patients with stable atherothrombosis, will perish, or have a heart attack or stroke, or be hospitalized for a complication arising from atherothrombosis within a year.
How many heart patients realize these risk of recurring events exiits? How many of these patients are aware they can reduce their risk through lifestyle changes and medications?
With increased awareness of the prevalence, prevention, and treatment of AT – among both the general public and another medical profession.