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A colonoscopy typically is an outpatient procedure in which takes place inside of the large intestine (colon and rectum are checked. A colonoscopy is commonly is used to assess gastrointestinal symptoms, such as rectal and intestinal bleeding, or changes in bowel habits. Colonoscopies are also performed for collecter cal cancer screening in individuals without symptoms to check for colorectal polyp or cancer. A screening colonoscopy is advised for anyone 50 years of age and older (45 for African Americans), and persons with parents, siblings, or children with a history or genetical heredity of colorectal cancer or polyps occurring their adolescents.
What Happens Before the colonoscopy?
For an effective colonoscopy to take place, your bowel will need to be empty so that your doctor can observe the colon. To do ensure there is full visibility into the colon, it is extremely critical to read and follow all of the instructions given to you at least two weeks BEFORE your exam. If your bowel is not is not empty, your colonoscopy will not be successful and may have to be redone.
If you feel squeamish or the need to vomit while following the bowel preparation, wait 30 minutes before drinking more fluids and start. With small sips of the solution. Some movement (such as walking) or a few soda crackers May help decrease the names nausea you are feeling. If nausea persists, call your physician.
You may encounter skin irritation around the anus due to the passage of liquid stools, To prevent and treat skin irritation, your should.
Apply Vaseline or ointment cream to the skin around the anus before drinking the bowel preparation medication. These products can be obtained at any drug store.
Clean the skin after each bowel movement with disposable wet wipes instead of toilet paper. These normally available in the bathroom paper area or baby care area of the stores.,.
Sit in a bathtub filled with warm water for 10 to 15 minutes after you finish passing stool. After soaking, blot the skin dry with a soft cloth. Then apply vaseline or Destin ointment to the anal. Area, and place a cotton ball just outside your anus to absorbed dripping fluid.
What happens during a colonoscopy?
During a colonoscopy, a qualified physician uses a colonoscope (a long, flexible device about 1/2 inch in diameter) to observe the lining of the colon. The colonoscope is entered into the rectum and pushed into the large intestine. If the doctor needs to conduct further analysis. During a colonoscopy, small amounts of tissue can be removed for analysis * a biopsy) and polyps can be identified and completely removed. In many instances, a colonoscopy provides accurate diagnosis and treatment of colorectal issues without the need for a major operation.
- You are asked to wear a hospital gown and IV will be started.
- You are given a pain reliever and a sedative intravenously *in your view. You will relax and somewhat drowsy.
- You will lie on your left side, with your knees pulled up towards your chest.
- A small amount of air is utilized to expand the circumference of the colon so the physician can see the colon walls.
- You may feel mild cramping during the examination. Cramping can be decreased by taking slow, deep breaths. The colonoscope is slowly withdrawn while the wall of your bowel is carefully examined.
- The procedure last from 30 minutes to 1 hour.
- You will stay in a rehabilitation room for review and analysis until you are ready for discharge.
- You may feel some level cramping or a sensation of having gases, this typically passes.
- If sedation has been given, a responsible family member or friend must drive your home.
- The procedure generally can range from 30 minutes to 1 hour.
- Avoid alcohol, driving and running machinery for 24-hour s following the procedure.
- Unless otherwise instructed, you may quickly return to your normal diet. The doctor may recommend you wait until the day after your procedure to resume normal activities.
- If polyps were eliminated or a biopsy was taken, the doctor performing your colonoscopy will tell you when it safe to resume taking your blood thinners.
- If a biopsy was taken or a polyp was removed, you may notice light rectal bleeding for one two days after the procedure. If you have a substantial amount of rectal bleeding, high, persistent fevers, or severe abdominal pain with the next two weeks, go to your local emergency room and call the physician who performed your exam.
Sedition for colonoscopy
Sedation for colonoscopy can be implemented by two different methods. One is called Conscious Sedation, and other is referred to General Anesthesia. Both types of sedation may appear in patients not recalling the procedure or sleeping through all or part of the exam. To prepare yourself for your colonoscopy, your should follow the bowel preparation directions listed below by the type of sedation (conscious sedation or general anesthesia) approved by the physician who ordered your procedure.