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Dry eye syndrome is a chronic and progressive ailment. Depending on its cause and severity. It may not be entirely curable. But the majority of cases, dry eyes can be managed effectively, with sufferers in noticeably greater eye comfort, less need for eye symptoms and sometimes sharper vision too.
Chronic deficiency causes dry eye syndrome in lubrication and moisture on the surface of the eye. Consequences from dry eyes can range from subtle but persistent eye irritation to significant inflammation and even scarring of the front surface of the eye irritation to significant inflammation and even scarring of the front surface of the eye.
Since dry eye disease can have some causes, various of treatment approaches is used.
There are several dry eye treatments that are commonly used by doctors to reduce the symptoms fo dry eyes. Your eye doctors may recommend only one of these dry eye treatments or a combination of treatments, depending on the causes(s) and severity of your condition.
Some doctors may have you complete a set of questions about the symptoms before initiating dry eye treatment. The answers to this survey will be used as a baseline, and question may be administered later for treatment to evaluate the effectiveness of the chosen treatment approach
Successful treatment of dry eyes requires that you are willing to follow your doctor’s recommendations.
Keratitis sicca– Generally used to describe dryness and inflammation of the cornea.
Keratoconjunctivitis sicca. Used to defined dry eye that affects both the cornea and the conjunctiva
Dysfunctional tear syndrome – Used to emphasize that inadequate quality of tears can be just a critical as inadequate quality,
The pervasiveness of dry eyes
Dry eyes and dry eye syndrome are quite common is a primary reason for visits to the eye doctor. An only recent poll revealed that nearly 48 percent of Americans at the age of 18 and older regularly experience dry eye symptoms.
More more 26 million Americans suffer from dry eyes, and this number is expanded to grow to 29 million within ten years.
Dry Eye symptoms
Symptoms of for eyes and dry eye syndrome include
- Burning sensation
- Itchy eyes
- Aching sensation
- Heavy eyes
- Fatigued eyes
- Sores eyes
- Dryness sensation
- Red eyes
- Blurred vision
Other commons symptoms include feeling something is “in” the eye, such as some foreign material. Counterintuitively, watery eyes may be a symptom of dry eye syndrome. Watery eyes can be caused by dryness on the surface of the eye, over stimulating the production of the watery component called tears, functioning as a protective mechanism. This is called reflex tearing, which does not last long enough to correct the underlying dry condition.
A sufficient and steady layer of years on the surface of the eye is essential to keep your eye health and to see well. Tears bathe the eyes surface to keep it moist and wash away the debris and microorganisms that could damage the cornea and can lead to an eye infection.
A normal tear film consist of three important compositions:
1. An oily (lipid) composition
2. A watery aqueous composition
3. A mucous-like (mucin) composition
Each composition of the tear films serves an essential purpose. For example, tear lips help keep the tear film from evaporating too quickly and increase lubrication, although mucin can help anchor and spread the tears across the surface of the eye.
Each tear composition is produced by different glands on or near the eye.
The oily composition is created by meibomian glands in the eyelids.
The water composition is produced by lacrimal glands located behind the outer aspect of the upper eyelids.
The mucin composition is produced by goblet cells in the conjunctiva that covers the white of the eye (sclera)
An issue with any of the sources of tear film composition can affect tear stability and causes dry eyes, and there are different types of dry eye deepening on with composition is affected.
An example is if the meibomian gland do not create or secret enough meibum oil, the tear film may evaporate too fast. This condition is called” evaporative dry eye” The primary condition is called meibomian gland dysfunction – today this condition is a significant factor in many dry eye cases.
In other cases, the primary cause of dry eye is that the lacrimal glands were not producing enough water fluid (aqueous ) to keep adequate moisture in the eyes. This condition is known as “aqueous deficiency dry eye.
The particular type of dry syndrome will often dictate the type of treatment your eye doctor will give you for your dry eye symptoms.
Factors related to Dry Eye Syndrome
Computer Usage – When you are working on your computer, Smartphone or another portable device, you tend to blink your eyes less often and fully, these will lead to higher levels of tear evaporation.
Contact lens wear. It can be difficult to indicate the extend that content lens wear contribute to dry eye problems. Dry eye discomfort is the primary reason people stop contact lens wear.
Aging– Dry eye syndrome can occur at any age, but is increase increasingly more common after age 50.
Menopause- Post – menopausal women are at greater risk of dry eyes than men of the same age.
The environment indoor and outdoor – Air conditioners, ceiling fans, forced air heating system can decrease humidity. Arid and dry windy conditions increase dry eye risks.
Frequent flying – airplane cabins can be very dry and lead to eye problems.
Smoking can result in dry eyes, including serious problems like cataracts, and macular degeneration.
Health Conditions – Certain systemic disease – such as diabetes, thyroid- associated disease, lupus rheumatoid arthritis and Sjogrens’ syndrome.
Medications – such as prescription and nonprescription medicines, including antihistamines antidepressants, certain blood pressure medications, and birth control pills.
Eyelid problems – incomplete closure of the eyelids when blinking or sleeping – a condition attributed to as lagophthalmos, which can be caused by aging or occur after cosmetic blepharoplasty or other reasons – can cause severe dry that can lead to a corneal ulcer if not treated.