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Varicose veins are twisted enlarged veins. Any vein becomes varicose. However, the views that are most likely to become affected are those in your legs or feet. This is due to the stress of standing, and walking upward increases the pressure in the veins of your lower body.
For many people, spider veins and varicose veins, a common, mild variation of varicose veins – are more so, a cosmetic concern. In others, varicose veins can cause severe pain and discomfort. Sometimes varicose veins lead to more serious problems.
Varicose veins can also signal a greater risk of other circulatory problems. Treatment may involve self 0care measure or procedures by your doctor to close or remove veins.
Varicose veins do not always cause pain. Signs you may have with varicose veins:
Veins that are blue or dark purple
Veins that appear twisting and bulging, often like cords on you legs
When painful signs and symptoms happen, they may include the following:
- Heavy feeling and achyness in the legs
- Throbbing, burning, muscle cramping, and swelling in the lower legs
- Pain can worsen after long periods of sitting or standing
- There is richness around the veins
- Bleeding occurs from the veins
- Painful cord in the vein and red discoloration f the skin
- Color changes in the vein and skin, hardening of the vein. There may be skin ulcers near the ankle and inflammation of the skin. This can mean that you have a serious form of vascular disease that needs medical attention.
- Spider veins red and blue, similar to varicose veins, yet they tend to be smaller and found closer to the skin’s service.
Spider veins often occur on the legs. However, they can be found on the face as well. Spider veins will vary in size but will often resemble a spider’s web
Exercising, elevating the legs, wearing compression stockings, can you help ease the pain of varicose veins and may prevent them from getting worse. However, fi you are concern about how the veins look and you condition is getting worse, you should see your doctor.
Arteries transport blood from your heart to the rest of your tissues; Veins deliver blood from the entire body to your heart so that the blood can be recirculated. To deliver blood back to your heart, the veins in your legs must work against gravitation.
Muscle contractions in the lower legs act as pumps, and flexible vein walls assist blood return to your heart. Small valves in your veins open as blood flow to your heart then close to stop blood from flowing backward.
- Age – As you age, your veins become more elastic, which causes them to stretch. The valves in your veins may become weak. Which, cause blood move that should be moving toward the heart to flow in reverse.
- Blood pools in the veins and your veins enlarge and become varicose. The veins appear blue because they have deoxygenated blood, which is being discharged through the lungs.
- Pregnancy – Some women who are pregnant, develop varicose veins. Pregnancy increases the volume of blood in your body but reduces the flow of blood forms your legs to your pelvis. This circulatory switch is designed to help the growing fetus, but it can create an adverse side effect – enlarged veins in your legs.
- Varicose veins can surface for the first time or may worsen during the later stages of pregnancy,w hen the uterus starts to exert a higher level of pressure on the veins in your legs. Various changes in the hormones during pregnancy can affect this. Varicose veins that develop during pregnancy improve without medical treatment three to 12 months after delivery.
Varicose Veins Risk Factors
Some factors heighten your risk of developing varicose veins:
- Age -The risk of varicose veins increase with age. Aging causes the valves in your veins to wear down, these valves hep regular blood flow. Over time the wear and tear cause the values to allow some blood to flow back into your veins where it collects rather than flowing back up to your heart.
- Gender – Women are more likely to develop varicose veins. Hormonal fluctuations during pregnancy, menstruation or menopause may be a factor because female hormones tend to relax vein walls. Getting hormone replacement therapy or birth control pills may heighten your risk of varicose veins.
- Family History- IF other family members had varicose veins, there is a greater chance you will also.
- Obesity – Being overweight will add additional pressure on your veins
- Standing or sitting for long periods of time. Your blood levels do not flow as well if you are in the same position for long periods.
Complications for Varicose Veins
Ulcers – Extremely painful ulcers may form on the skin near varicose veins, especially near the ankles. Ulcers are triggered by longer-term buildup of fluid in these tissues, cause by higher levels of blood pressure within affected veins
A discolored spot on the skin can indicate a start of an ulcer; you should contact your physician promptly if you suspect you have developed an ulcer.
Blood clots – Sometimes, veins deep the legs can grow engaged in such cases, the affected leg may swell quite a bit. Any sudden leg swelling should be looked at by a doctor right away, as it may indicate a blood clot or a condition known as thrombophlebitis.
Bleeding On occasion, veins very close to the skin will burst. This normally only causes minor bleeding; any bleeding should be seen by a doctor because there is the risk that bleeding may occur again.
Varicose Vein Diagnosis
To diagnose varicose veins, you doctor will do a physical exam, which includes analyzing the legs while you are standing to monitor for swelling. Your doctor may request for you to describe any pain and acting in your legs.
You also may require an ultrasound examine to see if the values in your veins are performing normally or fi there is any indication of a blood clot in this noninvasive testing. A technician operates a small hand-held device (transducer), about the size of a bar of soap, facing your skin over the area of your body being examined. The transducer transmits an image of the veins in your legs to a monitor, so a technical and your doctor can see them.
Varicose Veins Treatment
Some treatments allow you to avoid a hospital stay or a long recovery that may be uncomfortable. There are less invasive procedures that can be treated on outpatient basis.
Exercising and losing weight will help with your treatment. Not wearing tight clothes as well as elevating your legs, avoid long periods of sitting and standing.
Wearing compression stockings all day before moving on to additional treatments is often recommended. They steadily squeeze the legs, helping veins and leg muscles move more efficiently. The amount of compression changes based on the brand.
If self-care methods do not work, your condition is more serious; your physician may recommend one of these varicose vein treatments.
Sclerotherapy, In this procedure, your surgeon inserts small- and medium-sized varicose veins with a liquid that scars and closes these veins. In a few weeks treated varicose veins should decline.
Although the same vein may need to be injected more than once, sclerotherapy is effective if done correctly. Sclerotherapy does not require anesthesia and may be done in your doctor’s office.
Foam sclerotherapy of large veins. Injection of a large vein with foam liquid is also a potential treatment to close a vein and tie it. This is an innovative technique.
Laser Surgeries Surgeons are using new technology in laser treatments to close off smaller varicose veins and spider veins. Laser surgery works by sending a strong burst of light onto the vein; which make the vein slowly fade and disappear. No incisions or needles are used.
Catheter-based procedures using radio-frequency or laser energy – In one of these treatments, your surgeon injects a thin tube (catheter) into an expanded vein and burns the tip of the catheter utilizing either laser energy or radio-frequency. As the catheter is removed, the heat dissipates the vein by trigger it to collapse and seal shut. This procedure is a preferred testament for larger varicose veins.
High ligation and vein stripping – this procedure includes tying off a vein before it connects a deep vein and extracting the vein through small incisions. This is an outpatient procedure for most individuals. It will not adversely affect circulation in the by removing the vein because deep veins in the leg take care of greater volumes of blood.
Ambulatory phlebotomy. You doctor removes smaller veins through tiny skin punctures. Only parts of the leg that are being picked are numbed in an outpatient procedure; Scaring is minimal.
Endoscopic vein surgery – You might require this operation only in an advanced case where you have leg ulcers, and other techniques fell. Your surgeon uses a thin video camera to insert inside the leg, to envision and close varicose veins and then removes the veins through small incisions. This procedure performed on an outpatient basis.