What are Migraine Headaches


Migraine headaches can be the result of distinct changes inside the brain, leading to severe head pain that is accompanied by sensitivity to light, smells, and sound.

Common symptoms of migraine headaches are:

Eye Pain
Sensitivity to sound and light
Severe pain in the head, that usually affects on the side of the head that people describe as pounding.

Although other headaches can cause severe pain, these headaches are not all considered migraines. Some people with severe pain may suffer from cluster headaches as the worst pain they’ve experienced.
Migraines are diagnosed by typical clinical signs and symptoms.
It is unknown what specifically may cause headaches. It is thought that alterations in neurotransmitter levels inside the brain play a part.

Migraines are often diagnosed through common clinical signs and symptoms.
Several factors can trigger migraines to include the following:
Hormonal changes.
Strong stimuli such as loud noises
Certain foods, and

Treatment for migraine headaches can consist of over-the-counter (OTC) or prescription medications.

Sumatriptan (Imitrex, Alsuma, DosePro, Trximet, Security Imitrex STATdose System, Samvel)
eletriptan (Relpax)
rizatriptan (Maxalt, Maxalt-MLT),
naratriptan Amerge
Zolmitriptan (Zomig, Zomig-ZMT)
Naratriptan Amerge
rizatriptan (Frova)
almotriptan (Axert)

Lifestyle modifications such a diet and excess e may be useful to help migraine sufferers manage the triggers of their condition.

Avoiding dietary triggers of migraines can help some people have less frequent attacks.
Some people find that exercises that promote muscle relation such s yoga can be helpful in pain management, such as yoga.
The major of those with migraines find conditions to be manageable with a combination of medications and lifestyle modifications.

Preventive medications of several drug classes may be used in some patients to decrease the frequency of migraines.

Migraine Headaches2

What is a migraine?

Many people use a term migraine to described very a severe headache, a migraine reached is the result of specific physiologic changes that color within the brain and lead to the characteristic pain and associated symptoms of a migraine.

Migraine headaches are usually correlated with sensitivity to light, smells, sound. There may also be patients who experience vomiting and nausea. The headaches of a migraine often involve only one side of the head but in some cases, patients may undergo pain bilaterally or on both sides. The pain of a migraine is often device as pounding and throbbing, and it may be made worse with physical effort
In certain cases, patients with migraines experience specific warning symptoms, or an aura, before the onset of their headache. These warning symptoms can range from flashing lights or a blind spot in one eye to numbness or weakness involving one side of the body. This feeling may last for several minutes, and then stops and then leaves. Head pain then lasts until the headache resolves. For a patient who have never experience anaura, the symptoms can frightening and can mimic the symptoms of strokes.

Not every a headache will be a migraine, and migraine is not the only condition that can cause severe and dispiriting headaches. For example, cluster headaches are very severe headaches that affect on the side of the head in a recurrent manner ( cluster over time) The pain can sometimes be described as drilling and can be serious than migraine pain in some cases. Clusters headaches are less with out than a migraine.

Migraine Headaches

There are many components that indeed as migraine triggers.
Normal hormone fluctuations occur with regular menstrual cycles may predispose some women to experience migraine headaches. Some oral contraceptives, such as birth control pills can trigger migraines. Many foods such as:
Red wine
monosodium glutamate
Artificial sweeteners
Diary products
Alcohol beverages
Stress IQ
the preservative used in smoke meats ( nitrates)

Not everyone who has migraines will experience a headache when exposed to these triggers. If a person is unsure what has his or her, specific triggers might be, maintaining a headache diary can be beneficial to recognize those individual factors which lead to a migraine.

Exposure to strong stimuli such as bright lights, loud noises, or strong smells

Changes in barometric pressure have been describing as leading to migraine headaches.

Not every individual who has a migraine will experience a headache when exposed to this trigger, if a person is uncertain what his or her particular triggers might be, supporting a headache diary can be advantageous to identify those individual factors which lead to a migraine.

The specific migraines will experience a headache when exposed to these triggers. If a person is uncertain what his or her specific her specific triggers might be, maintain a headache diary can be beneficial to indemnify those individual factors which lead to a migraine.

What causes migraines?

The specific cause of migraines is not known, but there may be functions particular neurotransmitters, and chemicals. These changes may influence some people to develop migraine headaches.

What are the risk factors of migraines

There up 25% of people who suffer from migraines headaches at some point in there. Most migraine sufferers tend to be female. It is estimated that there are three female migraine patients for every male. There is also evidence of genetic history.

According to the Internation, Headache Society defines an episodic migraine as being a pulling discomfort of moderate-to-intensity. This pain can be aggravated by physical activity such as photophobia, vomiting, and nausea. A migraine headache typically lasts for several hours or even several days.

Some people suffer from loss of vision, which can last for less than an hour, and may or may not be connected with head pain once the vision returns. As an ocular migraine. These symptoms are also known as a retinal migraine, and may be linked with symptoms related to those described as an aura, such as blind spots, full loss of vision in one eye, flashing lights.

Eye pain can also come from density to light, if the pain is the persistent symptom, or if eye pain is present and characterized by blurred vision or loss of vision, it is recommended to get evaluated.

How are migraines diagnosed

According to the International Classification of Headache Disorder II criteria for a migraine without aura, a patient need to have had at least five headache attacks fulfilling the following criteria

Headaches attacks lasting 4 to 72 hours without treatment
A headache has at least two of the following characteristics
Pulsating qualities
Unilateral Location
Aggravation by or causing avoidance of routine physical activity

During a headache, at least one of the following characters

Nausea and vomiting
Photophobia, and phonophobia
A headache cannot be attributed to another disorder.