Almost any disease or Arzneimittelintoxikation can indeed cause geriatric syndromes, however, the following diseases solve particularly common one or more, sometimes the typical symptoms and discomfort rather than cause.

In elderly patients, many common faults can occur without their characteristic features. Instead, the elderly ? 1 non-specific geriatric syndromes may have (eg. As delirium, dizziness, syncope, falls, weight loss, incontinence). These symptoms are due to various diseases and impairments; However, the condition of patients can also improve if only some of the triggering factors are corrected. The better strategy is to identify risk factors for these diseases and to correct as many as possible, increasing the likelihood that the syndrome ever developed, is reduced. Almost any disease or Arzneimittelintoxikation can indeed cause geriatric syndromes, however, the following diseases solve particularly common one or more, sometimes the typical symptoms and discomfort rather than cause. An acute intestinal infarction can be displayed by acute confusion. Abdominal pain and tenderness can be minimal or absent. Appendicitis pain begins rather in the lower right quadrant instead periumbilical. Finally, the pain can be located diffusely in the abdomen and not selectively localized in the lower right quadrant. However, pressure sensitivity is a significant early sign in this quadrant. Bacteremia caused (at least) a slight fever for most elderly patients, although they can also be free of fever. The origin of the bacteremia can be difficult to identify. Elderly patients may have non-specific symptoms (eg. As general malaise, loss of appetite, night sweats, unexplained change in mental status). Biliary disorders can lead to non-specific mental and physical impairments (eg. As malaise, confusion, loss of mobility) without jaundice, fever or abdominal pain. Abnormal results of liver function tests may be the only clue. Heart failure can cause confusion, agitation, loss of appetite, weakness, insomnia fatigue, weight loss or lethargy; it may be that patients do not report dyspnea. Orthopnoea can cause restlessness at night in patients who also suffer from dementia. Peripheral edema is a sign of heart failure in the elderly than in younger less specific. In bedridden patients edema may instead in the sacral region of the lower extremities occur. Hyperparathyroidism can cause non-specific symptoms: fatigue, cognitive dysfunction, emotional instability, loss of appetite, constipation and hypertension. Characteristic symptoms are often absent. Hyperthyroidism can not cause characteristic signs (eg. B. eye symptoms, enlarged thyroid gland). Instead, the symptoms can barely be noticeable and tachycardia, which include weight loss, fatigue, weakness, palpitations, tremor, atrial fibrillation and heart failure. The patient may appear rather apathetic as hyperkinetic. Hypothyroidism can manifest subtly in the elderly. The most common symptoms are non-specific (eg. As fatigue, weakness, falls). Loss of appetite, weight loss and arthralgia may occur. Cold intolerance, weight gain, depression, paresthesia, hair loss and muscle cramps are less common than among younger patients; cognitive dysfunction is more common. The most specific sign-delayed recovery of deep-tendon reflexes may not be in the elderly because of decreased amplitude or absent reflexes detectable. Meningitis can fever and a change in mental status without symptoms of meningeal irritation (eg. As headaches, neck stiffness). Myocardial infarction can represent as rather by diaphoresis, dyspnea, stomach discomfort, syncope, weakness, vomiting or confusion as chest pain. older patients tend to seek medical help later than younger after the onset of chest pain or other symptoms of myocardial infarction. Stomach ulcers can not lead to characteristic ulcer symptoms; Pain may be missing or non-specific. Dyspepsia (usually upper abdominal pain with bloating, nausea or early satiety) is more common in the elderly than in younger. Elderly patients have frequent, severe gastrointestinal bleeding, which may be painless. There may be slow, undetected blood loss with the consequence of severe anemia. Pneumonia may be displayed by malaise, loss of appetite or confusion. Tachycardia and tachypnea are common, but fever may be absent. A cough can be easily and without copious purulent sputum, especially in dehydrated patients. Tuberculosis can manifest itself differently in older patients with comorbidities. The symptoms can be non-specific (eg., Fever, weakness, confusion, loss of appetite). Pulmonary tuberculosis may present with fewer respiratory symptoms (eg. As cough, excessive sputum production, hemoptysis) than in younger patients. Urinary tract infections may run afebril in elderly patients. It is possible that these patients do not report dysuria, frequent urination or urge to urinate, but dizziness, confusion, loss of appetite, fatigue or weakness. Other problems that present themselves in older people otherwise, alcohol abuse, adverse drug reactions, depression, pulmonary embolism, systemic infections and unstable angina pectoris.

Health Life Media Team

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