A sinus infection or sinusitis is an inflammation and swelling of the sinus. In a normal scenario, your sinuses are filled with air. If your sinuses are filled with fluid, this provides an environment in which bacteria can grow and this, in turn, leads to a sinus infection.
Sinus infections can often follow a bad cold, as you are at greater risk due to developing inflammation and swelling in the sinuses.
There are several symptoms that are a part of a sinus infection.
Sinus infections are caused by a pathogenic microorganism( virus, bacterium) that grow in the sinus and blocks the sinus ostium.
For the most part, people do not transmit sinus infections. Many experts agree, only in rare cases are infections sinus are transmitted. Sinus infections are not contagious but may be transmitted by bacteria and contamination to a person, who’s sinus tissues has some significant abnormalities. This can be inflammation and abnormal mucus production or even nasal trauma in rare instances.
Sinusitis is an air cavity inflammation within the passage of the nose. This can be caused by many things, such as allergies, chemical or a particular infection or an infection.
There are several symptoms of a sinus infection. There are often sinus headaches, tenderness or swelling in the facial area, pressure or pain within the sinuses, cloudy, discolored nasal drainage, fever, sore throat, and cough.
Doctors will suspect that there is a bacterial infection when there is pus-like nasal discharge along with symptoms that persist longer than a week and do not respond to OTC nasal medications.
After a physical examination, medical professionals can usually diagnose the cause based on the patient history. This exam often includes X-rays and CT scan of the sinuses.
The most common treatment for bacterial sinusitis is antibiotic therapies; These are normally recommended if symptoms last more than ten days. Decongestants also help decrease the swelling to the nasal passages. Antibiotics help kill and prevent growth of bacteria
There are multiple antibiotics such as:
- Amoxicillinamoxicillin-Clavulanate – Amoxicillin is most commonly chose to treat sinusitis due to how effective the medication is with minimum side effects. Although Amoxicillin should not be used if you are allergic or have been diagnosed with mononucleosis.
- Levaquintrimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole – often an alternative for people who are allergic to amoxicillin.
Taking hot showers and steam are also recommended ways to loosen mucus, you can also take nasal saline to wash mucus from you nose.
If a person has allergic sinusitis, getting early treatment may help prevent getting a secondary bacterial sinus infection.
Ther are cases were rare fungus such as zygomycosis, can affect the sinuses, which is considered a medical emergency.
You may experience sinus headaches, which are can occur in the air-filled spaces in the forehead, cheekbones or behind the bridge of the nose. During inflammation, through a virus, infection or infection, there is swelling to make additional mucus causing blockages in the air channels.
Symptoms for Sinus Headaches
You may feel pain in your forehead or cheekbones or the bridge of your nose. The pain can get stronger when you move your head swiftly or strain. Also, you might have other sinus troubles including:
A runny nose
Feeling of fullness in your ears
Swelling in your face
There are other headaches, such as migraines or tension headaches that are often confused with sinus headaches. Since your treatment needs will depend on the type of a headache, you have it is important to figure out the type of a headache you have.
The goal of you treatment should be the relieve your symptoms and treat the infection if there is one. It is typically not recommended to take decongestions longer than three days. The longer you take decongestion, the worst your symptoms may be.
If you take a decongestant and pain-relieving medicines too often, you might get medication overuse headaches. It is essential to touch base with your doctor if you are using any medicine for a long time to relieve your headaches. Decongestants also can increase your blood pressure, so if you have high blood pressure, talk to your physician before you take one.
In rare cases, your doctor may recommend sinus surgery to open u smell or always swollen sinuses or remove polyps.