Our availability of nutritious food and chances for physical Exercise is influenced by the surroundings in which we live, study, work, and play. These variables, combined with genetics and personal decisions, define our health and risk of becoming overweight and obese.
Why Are Exercise and Diet Important for Health?
Balanced nutrition and Exercise are crucial for good health. Yet, only one-third of individuals get the recommended amount of activity each week, and many American diets contain insufficient portions of fruits and vegetables while exceeding calorie requirements.
 When combined with insufficient physical Exercise, high-calorie consumption can cause obesity, while poor nutrition can impede growth and development. A lack of Exercise also increases the chance of developing diabetes, certain malignancies, and coronary heart disease. 
Exercise has been found to lessen depressive symptoms, lower the risk of chronic illness and early mortality, and prevent age-related cognitive decline when done regularly.
[3-5] However, the CDC’s recommended levels of physical activity are not met by roughly 73% of high school students in the US. 
Twenty-nine million Americans lacked access to cheap, wholesome food in food deserts as of 2013.
 Malnutrition and obesity are both caused by poor eating. About one-third of children and adolescents and more than two-thirds of adults in America are overweight or obese. In the US, one of the main causes of chronic illnesses that may be prevented is obesity. Numerous illnesses, such as type 2 diabetes, heart disease, stroke, hypertension, cancer, Alzheimer’s disease, dementia, liver disease, renal disease, osteoarthritis, and respiratory issues, are all made more likely by being overweight or obese.  Studies have indicated that adults who eat more healthfully have better mental and physical results, and more recent research has found similar tendencies in teenage mental health. 
Insufficient Exercise and unhealthy eating have an economic cost to both people and society. The yearly cost of obesity-related health care in the US is now estimated to be between $147 billion and over $210 billion. Productivity losses from job absenteeism associated with obesity cost an extra $4 billion annually.  Insufficient physical Exercise raises healthcare expenditures by $117 million a year. 
Children and adults may eat nutritious meals and fulfill the necessary daily amounts of physical activity by having more chances for Exercise and access to healthy foods in their communities, schools, and workplaces.
 US Department of Health and Human Services. Facts & Statistics. January 26, 2017.
 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Physical Activity Facts. April 9, 2018. Accessed March 13, 2019.
 Stanton R, Reaburn P. Exercise and the treatment of depression: a review of the exercise program variables. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 2014;17(2):177–182.
 Deslandes A, Moraes H, Ferreira C, et al. Exercise and mental health: many reasons to move. Neuropsychobiology. 2009;59(4):191–198.
 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Physical Activity Builds a Healthy and Strong America. Accessed January 27, 2020.
 Christopher G, Harris CM, Spencer T, et al. F as in fat: How obesity threatens America’s future. Washington, DC: Trust for America’s Health (TFAH); 2013.
 O’Neil A, Quirk SE, Housden S, et al. Relationship between diet and mental health in children and adolescents: a systematic review. American Journal of Public Health. 2014;104(10):e31–e42.