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Unfortunately, everyone gets a sore throat throughout at some point or another. Some time the tonsils in your mouth will become infected. But, the tonsil are not the only susceptible glands in the mouth that can become infected. Adenoids, which are located higher in the mouth – in back of the nose and roof of the mouth, can be at risk of infection. Inflamed and enlarged adenoids is called adenoiditis, which can make your breathing difficult and lead to recurring repertory infections.
The adenoids are a tissue mass that works similarly to your tonsil, to help keep you healthy by confining detrimental germs that pass through the nose or mouth. Your adenoids create antibodies that help your body fight off infections. However, unlick your tonsil, which are visible when you open your mouth, the adenoids are not visible. A doctor will use a small mirror or special instrument with a light to observer adenoids. In some cases, X rays will be taken to see them clearly.
Although adenoids play an important role in helping people health, as a person grows older, adenoid become less important, in part because the body is able to fight off infections using other methods. In fact, adenoid will often become smaller and the time a person is age 5 or 6 and then practically disappear by the time they are a teenager.
Although adenoids help filter out germs and bacterial from the boy, sometime they well become overwhelmed with germs and bacteria, they will become infected. When this happens they become in lammed and swollen. This condition is adenoiditis. This most commonly happens in children, but may sometimes affect adults.
Symptoms of Adenoiditis
Symptoms of adenoiditis can change depending on what is the cause of the infection These symptoms may include
- Stuffy nose
- Ear pain or ear problems
- Sore throat
- Swollen glands
When you have stuffed nose, breathing can become more difficult. The other symptoms of adenoiditis are related to nasal congestion including;
- Difficulty sleeping
- Snoring or sleep apnea
- Restricted breathing through the mouth
- Talking with a nasal sound or sounding as if you have a pinched nose
Treatment for Adenoiditis
The common treatment of adenoiditis is antibiotics. Yet if a child has a frequent amount of infections, including sinus and ear infections or antibiotics have not been effective, or your child is having on going breathing challenges, surgery may be needed to remove the adenoids. This procedure is an adenoidectomy.
Your child’s doctor may also recommend the tonsils be removed at the same time, since adenoiditis and tonsillitis often happen at the same time. The surgery to remove tonsil is called a tonsillectomy.
You should talk through the pro’s and cons with your child’s doctor to determine if surgery is the best option or even necessary.
What happens during an Adenoidectomy?
An adenoidectomy is conducted by a doctor use specializes in the ear nose and throat. It occurs in a hospital or outpatient surgical center under general anesthesia. General anesthesia mean the child goes to sleep. The tonsil and adenoids are removed through the mouth so no additional incisions are needed for where tissues are removed.
Most patience’s are able to go home after the procedure, however, you should expect to be in the surgical center for another four to five hours’ after the surgery is completed so that the child can be carefully monitored. You doctor will also give you specific instructions od what you should do and what you should expect in recovery based on your child’s particular needs.
Recovery from an Adenoidectomy
Sore throat-, your child throat may be sore for seven to ten days following the adenoidectomy operation so eating and swallowing can be uncomfortable.
Fever- Your child can experience a low fever for several days following the procedure. If their fever approaches a range higher than 1092F, you should contact the doctor. You should seek medical attention fi the fever is accompanied by other symptoms such as tiredness, vomiting, nausea, stiff necks or headaches.
Mouth breathing- Breathing out of the mouth and snoring may occur following the procedure, based on swelling in the throat. Breathing should return to normal once swelling in the throat. Breathing should return to normal once swelling goes down, usually 10 to 14 days after the procedure. You should get medical attention if there is difficulty breathing.
Pain– Your child may experience throat and ear pain, which is normal for a few weeks after following surgery. The doctor should also prescribe medicine to help control pain.
Scabs in the mouth – Thick white scabs can develop where the tonsils and or adenoids were removed. This is normal and most scabs fall off in pieces within 10 days after the surgery. Do let your child pick at the scabs. These scabs can also cause bad breath.
A few tips for Adenoidectomy Recovery
You should feed your child soft foods, such as Jell-), soup, scrambled eggs and popsicles. DO not let your child eat or drink diary products in the first 24 hours following surgery. After the 24 hour period, ice cream, pudding, and yogurt are fine to serve your child.
Your child should drink plenty of liquids to avoid dehydration.
You should rest as much as possible for the first several days following the surgery. Your child should be able to return to school once she or he can eat regular food and is no longer in need of pain medication. Your child should also be sleeping soundly at throughout the night.