Thyroid Cancer: Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatments

thyroid CancerThe parathyroid gland are  are small endocrine glands that are on the neck of a humans.Parathyroid glans share blood supply, lymphatic and venous drainage. The function of the parathyroid hormones are to maintain calcium and phosphate  within narrow ranges.

Thyroid Cancer is a disease that causes abnormal cell growth within the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is a similar shape as the a butterfly and is located in front of the neck. The thyroid regulates  the body’s energy and help it maintains physical functions and metabolism. Cancer within the thyroid is an uncommon cancer. Many people who have it  do very well, and this often because the cancer is found early and there are treatments that work very well  Thyroid cancer is usually found before it spreads. Although there are occasions when thyroid cancer returns after years of treatment. Many scientist and doctors do not know what actually causes thyroid cancer. Like most cancers, DNA  can play a significant role. DNA changes will include attributes that are inherited as well changes that happen when you become older. Also people who have been exposed to  radiation treatment in the neck, head, chest, particularly when you are young, can put you at risk for getting thyroid cancer. Dental X rays does not increase your chance for getting thyroid cancer.

Thyroid Cancer Symptoms

  • The most common symptom is a lump or swelling in the neck.
  • Your ears and neck may experience pain
  • Having trouble swallowing
  • Trouble breathing and constant wheezing
  • Voice is hoarse
  • You may have frequent cough

You may not have any symptoms at all. During a routine physical at the doctors, It is possible for doctors to find nodule or lumps on the neck.

If you feel that you have a lump on your neck that is potentially thyroid cancer, it is recommended that you go to the doctor to do a biopsy of the thyroid galnd and check your cells for cancer. The biopsy is a small procedure that will remove a piece of tissue. A biopsy may not have clear results, sometimes surgery may be needed.

Before starting any type of treatment, the doctor will need to determine what type of thyroid cancer the patient has. The biopsy will identify the type of cancer with a small needle that removes a piece of the tissue for examination. It’s also important to determine which stage of thyroid cancer the patient has. IF you cancer spread then the doctor will tell you what treatment you need through radioactive iodine scan.  If the thyroid is removed through surgery, then It is likly that the patient will need to take a thyroid medicine for the rest of his/her life to replace the hormones that will not be made by the thyroid.

Thyroid  Cancer Risk

There are certain risk factors that increase the chance of getting thyroid cancer. We go over some of the common  risk factors.  Although not people with thyroid cancer experience these risk factors.

  • A person’s Age
  • The gender (female)
  • Being exposed to high levels of radiation, perhaps from a nuclear power accident
  • The family genetic history, if there is past history of thyroid cancer.
  • A family history like MEN (multiple endocrine neoplasia) 2a, MEN 2b, or FMTC (familial medullary thyroid carcinoma).
  • Being of Asian decent
  • History of radiation treatments
  • Inhered medical condition such as familial polyposis or Gardners Syndrome

There are some rare types of thyroid cancer called medullary thyroid cancer (MTC)

The health care professionals that you would see in case of determining thyroid cancer would be a Endocrinologist, Family doctor or Internist.

To check your thyroids your doctor may check your vocal chords b doing a thin tube-like instrument called a larynoscope. Your doctor may order a CT scan or an ultrasound to get a better idea of  your thyroid. If the physician needs more examination he/she will use a fine needle biopsy. The  blood test can be checked by the thyroid cancer
-stimulating hormone (TSH) serum calcitonin and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA)

Health Life Media Team