Membranous Nephropathy

(Membranous glomerulonephritis) As membranous glomerulonephritis (MGN) is defined as the deposition of immune complexes in the glomerular basement membrane (GBM) thickening under the same. The cause is generally unknown, although there are secondary forms, which are due to medications, infections, autoimmune disorders and cancer diseases. One of the manifestations has a gradual onset with edema and severe proteinuria with normal urine sediment, normal renal function and normal to elevated blood…

September 3, 2018
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Meningiomas

Meningiomas are benign tumors of the meninges, which can compress adjacent brain tissue. Symptoms depend on the tumor location. The diagnosis is made by an MRI with contrast medium. It can with surgical excision, stereotactic radiosurgery and are sometimes treated with radiation. Meningiomas, v. a. with a diameter

September 3, 2018
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Magnetic Resonance Imaging (Mri)

T1-weighted MR image courtesy of Hakan Ilaslan, MD. var model = {thumbnailUrl: ‘/-/media/manual/professional/images/brain_normal_midline_high_de.jpg?la=de&thn=0&mw=350’ imageUrl: ‘/-/media/manual/professional/images/brain_normal_midline_high_de.jpg?la = en & thn = 0 ‘, title:’ T1-weighted MRI ‘, description:’ u003Ca id = “v37898991 ” class = “”anchor “” u003e u003c / a u003e u003cdiv class = “”para “” u003e u003cp u003eSagittal T1-weighted image of the brain is normal midline structures u003c / p u003e u003c / div u003e ‘credits’. image courtesy of…

September 3, 2018
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Lung Cancer

(Lung cancer) A lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. About 85% of all cases related to cigarette smoking related. Among the symptoms of coughing, tightness in the chest may or pain, weight loss and, less frequently, include hemoptysis. However, many patients present with metastatic disease without clinical symptoms before. The diagnosis is typically made based on chest X-ray or CT and secured with a biopsy. Depending…

September 3, 2018
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Liver Metastases

Metastases of the liver are found in many cancers, v. a. those of the gastrointestinal tract, breast, lung and pancreas. The first symptoms of metastases are generally non-specific (eg. As weight loss, pain in the right upper abdomen), sometimes they are the first symptoms of the primary tumor. The suspicion of liver metastases, patients with weight loss and hepatomegaly, or primary tumors that can easily spread to the liver. The…

September 3, 2018
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Lichen Simplex Chronic

(Neurodermatitis circumscripta) Lichen simplex chronicus (neurodermatitis circumscripta) is eczema, which is formed by repeated scratching. By several mechanisms amplifies the chronic scratching the itch on and thus initiates a vicious circle. The diagnosis is made clinically. The treatment consists of raising awareness of the disease and behaviors that prevent scratching, as well as corticosteroids and antihistamines. Lichen simplex chronicus (neurodermatitis circumscripta) is eczema, which is formed by repeated scratching. By…

September 3, 2018
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Laryngoceles

Laryngoceles are Schleimhautausstülpungen the laryngeal ventricle (Morgagni- or Galen-ventricle). Inner laryngoceles, suppress or increase the bag folds (Plicae vestibulares) may result in hoarseness and airway obstruction. Outer laryngoceles cause soft tissue swelling (nodes) in the neck, since they vorstülpen by the thyrohyoid membrane therethrough. Laryngoceles occur predominantly among musicians who play a wind instrument. The laryngoceles filled with air to inflate the Valsalva maneuver Laryngoceles are Schleimhautausstülpungen the laryngeal ventricle…

September 3, 2018
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Krupp

(Laryngotracheobronchitis) Krupp is an acute inflammation of the upper and lower respiratory tract, which is usually caused by an infection with parainfluenza virus type. 1 Its characteristics are a metal, barking cough and inspiratory stridor. The diagnosis is obvious, but can also be backed up by an anteroposterior radiograph of the neck. The treatment consists of antipyretics, hydration, nebulized epinephrine and corticosteroids. The prognosis is excellent. Krupp mainly children diagnosed…

September 3, 2018
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Ischemic Colitis

Under ischemic colitis is meant a transient reduction in the gehene colonic blood flow. Necrosis can occur, but is limited to the mucosa and submucosa usually causing only occasionally, necrosis in question, which makes an operational intervention required entire wall. Ischemic colitis occurs mainly in the elderly (> 60), the cause is atherosclerosis of the small vessels suspected (atherosclerosis). It can also be a surgical complication of abdominal aorta, (Abdominal…

September 3, 2018
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Intra-Abdominal Abscesses

Abscesses may occur in the abdomen and retroperitoneum everywhere. In the majority of cases they occur following surgery, trauma, or diseases with abdominal infection and inflammation, v. a. if peritonitis or perforation occur. Symptoms include malaise, fever and abdominal pain. The diagnosis is made by CT. The treatment consists in a drainage, either surgical or percutaneous. Antibiotics are used concomitantly. Abscesses may occur in the abdomen and retroperitoneum everywhere. In…

September 3, 2018
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