(Bilirubin encephalopathy) The kernicterus is an injury to the brain caused by deposits unconjugated bilirubin in the basal ganglia and brainstem nuclei. Normally, bilirubin is bound to serum albumin and remains in the intravascular space. but it can also cross the blood-brain barrier and cause a kernicterus, if the serum bilirubin concentration increased significantly (hyperbilirubinemia) and the serum albumin concentration is significantly decreased (z. B. in preterm infants), or the…

September 3, 2018

What is Infant Jaundice?

August 29, 2016

Infant jaundice is a yellow discoloration that happens in the baby’s eyes and skin. Infant jaundice occurs due to the babies blood containing high levels of bilirubin, a pigment of the blood that is yellow colored. Infant jaundice is a prevalent condition, especially in babies before the 38 week gestation period (preterm infants) and some children that are breastfed. Infant jaundice commonly occurs when the baby’s liver is not mature…