Diphtheria is an acute throat or cutaneous infection primarily caused by toxigenic strains of Corynebacterium diphtheriae and rarely by other, less common Corynebacterium sp. The symptoms consist of either non-specific skin infections or pseudomembranous pharyngitis followed by exotoxinbedingten damage to the myocardium and neurons. An asymptomatic carrier state exists. The diagnosis is made clinically and confirmed by microbiological analysis of the pathogen. The treatment consists of antitoxin and penicillin or…

September 3, 2018