Carcinoma Of The Renal Pelvis And Ureters

Malignancies of the renal pelvis and ureters are mostly urothelial carcinoma (TTCs) or occasionally squamous cell carcinomas. Symptoms are hematuria and sometimes pain. Diagnosis is made by endoscopic biopsy using CT, cytology and at times. The therapy is surgery. The TCC of the renal pelvis is responsible for approximately 7-15% of all kidney tumors. The TCC of the ureters accounts for about 4% of the tumors of the upper urinary…

September 3, 2018