Botulism is a poisoning due to Clostridium botulinum toxin, which affects the peripheral nerves. Botulism may occur without infection when toxin is ingested, injected or inhaled. The symptoms are symmetrical cranial nerve palsies accompanied by a symmetric descending weakness and flaccid paralysis without sensory deficits. The diagnosis is made clinically and by detecting the toxin. Treatment is supportive and with antitoxin. C. botulinum is one of several types of clostridia…

September 3, 2018