The sympathetic ophthalmia is an inflammation of the uvea after a trauma or an operation on the other eye.

The sympathetic ophthalmia is a rare granulomatous uveitis which occurs after a penetriverenden injury or surgery of the other eye. The sympathetic ophthalmia occurs estimated to be up to 0.5% of the non-surgical wounds and penetrating eyes at about 0.03% of the surgical penetrating eye wounds. an autoimmune reaction against melanin-containing cells in the uvea is considered to be the cause. Uveitis develops in about 80% of cases within 2-12 weeks after an injury or surgery. In some cases, the sympathetic ophthalmia occurred after only one week, or until 30 years after the original injury or surgery.

The sympathetic ophthalmia is an inflammation of the uvea after a trauma or an operation on the other eye. The sympathetic ophthalmia is a rare granulomatous uveitis which occurs after a penetriverenden injury or surgery of the other eye. The sympathetic ophthalmia occurs estimated to be up to 0.5% of the non-surgical wounds and penetrating eyes at about 0.03% of the surgical penetrating eye wounds. an autoimmune reaction against melanin-containing cells in the uvea is considered to be the cause. Uveitis develops in about 80% of cases within 2-12 weeks after an injury or surgery. In some cases, the sympathetic ophthalmia occurred after only one week, or until 30 years after the original injury or surgery. Typical symptoms are suspended and reduced vision. A choroiditis often happens often with overlapping exudative retinal detachment. The diagnosis is made clinically. Oral corticosteroids and immunosuppressive therapy In severe injuries possibly early prophylactic enucleation Treatment usually requires oral corticosteroids (eg. As prednisone, 1 mg / kg po 1 times a day), followed by the long-term use of non-kortikosteriodaler immunosuppressants. To minimize the risk of developing sympathetic ophthalmia in the other eye, the prophylactic enucleation of the seriously injured eye should be considered within 2 weeks after a loss of vision has occurred, but only if the injured eye has no Visuspotenzial.

Health Life Media Team

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