A substance / drug induced psychotic disorder is characterized by hallucinations and / or delusions, which is characterized by the direct action or abuse of a substance without delirium.

Episodes of substance-induced psychosis are common in emergency rooms and crisis centers. There are many triggering substances, including alcohol, amphetamines, cannabis, cocaine, hallucinogens, opioids, phencyclidine (PCP) and sedatives, and anxiolytics. To be considered as a substance-induced psychosis, hallucinations and delusions should be more than those that accompany a simple substance intoxication or withdrawal, as a rule, even though the patient may be intoxicated or on withdrawal.

A substance / drug induced psychotic disorder is characterized by hallucinations and / or delusions, which is characterized by the direct action or abuse of a substance without delirium. Episodes of substance-induced psychosis are common in emergency rooms and crisis centers. There are many triggering substances, including alcohol, amphetamines, cannabis, cocaine, hallucinogens, opioids, phencyclidine (PCP) and sedatives, and anxiolytics. To be considered as a substance-induced psychosis, hallucinations and delusions should be more than those that accompany a simple substance intoxication or withdrawal, as a rule, even though the patient may be intoxicated or on withdrawal. The symptoms are often short and disappear soon after the causative drug was discontinued, but psychosis induced by amphetamines, cocaine or PCP may last for several weeks. As some young people use substances with prodromal or schizophrenia at an early stage that can trigger psychosis, it is important to get a thorough medical history, especially the detection of earlier psychological symptoms before it is concluded that acute psychosis was triggered by substance use. Treatment A peaceful environment is often a benzodiazepine or antipsychotic For most substance-induced psychosis, it is effective to set the matter and to give an anti-anxiety or antipsychotic medication. In a psychosis because of dopamine-stimulating substances such as amphetamine, an antipsychotic drug is most effective. In a psychosis caused by drugs such as LSD, a quiet observation may be all that is needed. For substances with effects that do not include dopamine, observation may be all that is needed, or an anti-anxiety medication can help.

Health Life Media Team

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