Sports and Fitness Injury: Pulled Hamstring

pulled_hamstringOne of the most mots common and painful strains are hamstrings strains. They strike athletes of all sorts including skaters, runners, skaters and football, basketball, soccer and basketball players.

What is a hamstring?
A hamstring is not a single hamstring. It is a group of four muscles that run along the back of the of your thigh. They enable you to bend your leg at the knee.

The Hamstring is the most important tendons at the back of the knee. They are the sidewalls of the depression behind the knee. (This hollow is called the popliteal space). Both hamstrings attach to muscles that flex the knees. A pulled hamstring is a common athletic injury.
The “ham” of “hamstring” comes from the word “ham” meaning human anatomy This is the curved part of the leg, that is the knee.

In human anatomy, a hamstring is one of the three posterior thigh muscles (Semitendinosus, biceps femoris, semimembranosus.
In quadrupeds, the hamstring is the primary and significant tendon found behind the knee or comparable area.
Structures
The tree muscles of the posterior thigh, biceps femoris long, semitendinosus, semimembranosus, short head, flex (bend) the knee, while all but the short head of biceps femoris extend (straighten) the hip. The three hamstrings cross both the hip and the knee joint and are therefore involved knee flexion and hip extension. The short head of the biceps femoris extends and crosses over only one joint ( Knee ) and is hence not involved in hip extension. With it’s divergent organ and innervation it is sometimes excluded from the hamstring characterization.

During a hamstring strain, one or more of these muscles gets overloaded. The muscles might even start to tear. You are likely to get a hamstring strain during activities that involve a lot of running and jumping sudden stopping and starting.

Getting a hamstring strain is more likely to happen if you.

You do not warm up before exercising.
The muscles in the front of your thigh (the quadriceps) are thigh as they pull your pelvis rear and tighten the hamstrings.
Weak glutes Glutes and hamstrings operate together. If the glutes are weak, hamstrings can be overloaded and become strained.

What Does a Hamstring Strain feel Like

Mild hamstring strains may not hurt excessively. However, ones can be very painful can make it nearly impossible to walk or even stand.

Additional possible symptoms of a hamstring strain are:

Sudden and severe pain during exercise, along with a popping and snapping feeling.
Bruising

Hamstring Pull. Biceps femoris, semitendinosys, semimembranosus. MendMeShop TM ©2011
Hamstring Pull. Biceps femoris, semitendinosys, semimembranosus. MendMeShop TM ©2011

Tenderness
Pain in the posterior of the thigh and lower buttock when walking leveling the leg, or bending over.

To diagnose a hamstring strain, a physician or physical therapist will give a through the physical exam. He or she may ask specific questions about how the legs were injured.

What the treatment for a Hamstring Stain?

Fortunately, minor and moderate hamstring strains typically heal on their own. You just need to give them some time. To speed the healing, you can.

Rest the legs. Avoid placing weight on the leg as best you can. If the pain is severe, you may need crutches until it goes away. Ask your doctor or physical therapist if they are required.
Ice your leg to reduce pain and swelling. Do it for 20-30 minutes every theory to four fours for two to three days, or until the pain is gone.
Compress your leg on a pillow when you’re sitting or lying down.
Take anti-inflammatory painkillers. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), like ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) or naproxen (alive, Naprosyn) will help with pain and swelling. Nevertheless, these drugs may have side effects, such as an enhanced risk of bleeding and ulcers, They should be used the only short term unless your doctor specifically says otherwise.
Practice stretching and strengthening exercises if your doctor/physical therapist recommends them. Strengthing your hamstrings is one way to protect against hamstring strain.
In severe cases where the muscle is torn, you may require surgery. The surgeon will improve the muscles and reattach them.hamstring-compensation-pain

When Will Your Hamstring Feel Better?

Recovery time will depend on how seriously you injure the hamstring. You should keep note that everyone will heal at a different rate. During that time when you are getting better, you should work the hamstring with a new activity that will not aggravate the strain. For instance, runners could try to do laps in the pool.

Whatever you do, do not rush things. Do not try to return to your old level of physical activity until:

You can move your leg as easily as your uninjured leg.
Your leg feels as sturdy as your uninjured leg
You feel no pain in your leg when you walk, then jog, then sprint, then finally jump.

If you start shifting yourself before the hamstring strain is healed, you could re-injure the hamstring and develop permeant muscle dysfunction.

How Can I present a Hamstring Strain?

As hamstring strains can be severe injuries, athletes should work hard to avoid them. After all, healing a hamstring strain is much harder than preventing it, Here are some tips.

Warm up before physical activity and stretch after physical activity.
Stop exercising if you feel pain in the back of your thigh.
Stretch and extend hamstrings as a preventative measure.
Increase intensity of your physical activity slowly — no more than a 10% increase a week.

Health Life Media Team