A schizoid personality disorder is characterized by a pervasive pattern of detachment from, and general lack of interest in social relationships and by a limited number of emotions in their interpersonal relationships. Diagnosis is based on clinical criteria. Treatment includes cognitive behavioral therapy.
(See also personality disorders overview.)
A schizoid personality disorder is characterized by a pervasive pattern of detachment from, and general lack of interest in social relationships and by a limited number of emotions in their interpersonal relationships. Diagnosis is based on clinical criteria. Treatment includes cognitive behavioral therapy. (See also personality disorders at a glance.) In schizoid personality disorder the ability to build significant relationships with others is limited. Estimated to suffer from about 1 to 3% of the general population at a schizoid personality disorder. This disorder can occur in people with a family history of schizophrenia or schizotypaler personality disorder frequently. Comorbidities are common. Up to half of the patients had at least one episode of severe depression. They often have other personality disorders, most commonly schizotypale, paranoid, borderline, or avoided. , Have neglected etiology caregivers in childhood, who were emotionally cold and were divorced, can contribute to the development of schizoid personality disorder by giving the child the feeling that interpersonal relationships are not satisfactory. Symptoms and discomfort patients with schizoid personality disorder seem to have, including their family members not keen on close relationships with other people. They have no close friends or confidants, except sometimes a first-degree relative. They rarely agree to meet and often do not get married. They prefer to be alone and choose activities and hobbies that do not require interaction with others (eg. As computer games). Sexual activity with others is with them of little, if any, interest. They also seem less delight in sensual and physical experience to have (z. B. on the beach to run). These patients do not seem to care what others think of them, think of them – whether it is good or bad. Because they do not notice any evidence of normal social interaction, they can socially incapable of distancing or appear self-centered. They respond rare (eg., By a smile or nod) or show emotions in social situations. They have expressed difficulties, anger, even when provoked. Do not react to major life events and may appear passive in response to changes in circumstances. As a result, it is as if they have no direction in their lives scheit. In rare cases, when these patients reveal themselves, they admit that they feel pain, especially in social interactions. The symptoms of schizoid personality disorder tend to remain stable over time, more than the other personality disorders. Clinical diagnostic criteria in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition [DSM-5]) found. For the diagnosis of schizoid personality disorder patients have a persistent detachment from and general lack of interest in social relationships have and represented a limited expression of emotions in interpersonal interactions as with ? 4 of the following: No desire for pleasure or close relationships, including family members. Strong preference for self-reliant activities Low, if any, interest in sexual activity with another person pleasure of a few, if any, activities Lack of close friends or confidants, except maybe first-degree The apparent indifference to the praise or criticism of others Emotional cold, detachment or flattened affect addition must have begun symptoms in early adulthood. Differential diagnoses physicians should distinguish schizoid personality disorder of the following: schizophrenia and related disorders: Patients with schizoid personality disorder have no cognitive or perceptual distortions (eg, paranoia, hallucinations.). Autism spectrum disorders: social impairment and stereotyped behaviors or interests are less prominent in patients with schizoid personality disorder. Schizotypal personality disorder: This disorder is characterized by a distorted perception and distorted thinking; This pattern does not compress on in the schizoid personality disorder. Avoidant personality disorder: Social isolation with schizoid personality disorder arises due to pervasive detachment from, and general lack of interest in social relationships while at the avoidant personality disorder due to fear of being rejected embarrassment or present. Therapy training of social skills, the general treatment of schizoid personality disorder is the same as that for all personality disorders. There are no published controlled trials of psychotherapy or drug therapy for schizoid personality disorder. In general, efforts can to share the interest in impersonal topics (eg. As property, collections, hobbies), appeal to people who prefer a more solitary pursuits, helping to establish a relationship with a patient and perhaps facilitate a therapeutic interaction. Cognitive behavioral approaches that focus on the acquisition of social skills, patients can also help to change. Since patients with schizoid personality disorder lack the interest in other people, they may not be motivated to change.