Characteristics of schizoaffective disorder are significant affective symptoms, psychosis and other symptoms of schizophrenia. It differs from schizophrenia by the appearance of ? 1 episodes with depressive or manic symptoms.

A psychosis include symptoms such as delusions, hallucinations, disorganized thinking and speech, as well as bizarre and inappropriate motor behavior, demonstrating a loss of contact with reality.

Characteristics of schizoaffective disorder are significant affective symptoms, psychosis and other symptoms of schizophrenia. It differs from schizophrenia by the appearance of ? 1 episodes with depressive or manic symptoms. A psychosis include symptoms such as delusions, hallucinations, disorganized thinking and speech, as well as bizarre and inappropriate motor behavior, demonstrating a loss of contact with reality. A schizoaffective disorder is considered when a psychotic patient has also affective symptoms. The diagnosis requires the presence of significant affective symptoms (depressed or manic) during the majority of the total duration of the disease at the same time with symptoms of schizophrenia. The differentiation of schizoaffective disorder from schizophrenia and mood disorders requires the longitudinal assessment of symptoms and symptom progression. The prognosis is slightly better than in schizophrenia, but worse than in affective disorders. Treatment Often a combination of medication, psychotherapy and support from the community, because the schizoaffective disorder often leads to long-term disability, a comprehensive treatment (incl. Medication, psychotherapy and support from the community) is often required. For the treatment of the manic type, the combination of antipsychotics with lithium, carbamazepine or valproate can be more effective than a pure Antipsychotikabehandlung. For the treatment of depressive type of second-generation antipsychotics are given first. Then, once positive psychotic symptoms are stabilized, should an antidepressant to be introduced; SSRIs are preferred due to their safety profile.

Health Life Media Team

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