The retinitis pigmentosa is a slowly progressive, bilateral degeneration of the retina and the retinal pigment epithelium caused by different genetic mutations. Symptoms include night blindness and loss of peripheral vision. The diagnosis is made by fundoscopy showing a pigmentation in knochenbälkchenartiger configuration in the area of ??the retinal equator, a narrowing of the retinal arteries, a waxy pallor of optic disc, a posterior subcapsular cataract, and cells in the vitreous. The electroretinography helps to confirm the diagnosis. Vitamin A palmitate, ?-3 fatty acids, lutein and zeaxanthin plus can help slow the progression of vision loss.

Anomalous Gencodierungen for retinal proteins appear to be the cause of retinitis pigmentosa; Several genes were identified. The transmission can be autosomal recessive, autosomal dominant or rare X-linked. The retinitis pigmentosa can be part of another syndrome (e. B. Bassen-grain branch syndrome, Laurence-Moon syndrome). One of these syndromes includes congenital hearing loss (Usher syndrome).

The retinitis pigmentosa is a slowly progressive, bilateral degeneration of the retina and the retinal pigment epithelium caused by different genetic mutations. Symptoms include night blindness and loss of peripheral vision. The diagnosis is made by fundoscopy showing a pigmentation in knochenbälkchenartiger configuration in the area of ??the retinal equator, a narrowing of the retinal arteries, a waxy pallor of optic disc, a posterior subcapsular cataract, and cells in the vitreous. The electroretinography helps to confirm the diagnosis. Vitamin A palmitate, ?-3 fatty acids, lutein and zeaxanthin plus can help slow the progression of vision loss. Anomalous Gencodierungen for retinal proteins appear to be the cause of retinitis pigmentosa; Several genes were identified. The transmission can be autosomal recessive, autosomal dominant or rare X-linked. The retinitis pigmentosa can be part of another syndrome (e. B. Bassen-grain branch syndrome, Laurence-Moon syndrome). One of these syndromes includes congenital hearing loss (Usher syndrome). Symptoms and complaints Since the retinal rods are concerned, night vision is restricted, which becomes symptomatic at different ages, sometimes in early childhood. The night vision may eventually be lost. A peripheral Ringskotom (detected with a visual field examination) expands gradually, and the central vision can also be affected in advanced cases. Hyperpigmentation in knochenbälkchenartiger configuration in the mid-peripheral retina is the most striking Funduscopic findings. Other findings include the following: narrowing of the retinal arteries cystoid macular edema Waxy yellow appearance of the optic disc Rear subcapsular cataracts cells in the vitreous (rarely) myopia diagnosis Funduscopy electroretinography retinitis pigmentosa Image courtesy of Robert Machemer via the Online Journal of Ophthalmology (www.onjoph. com). var model = {thumbnailUrl: ‘/-/media/manual/professional/images/retinitis_pigmentosa_orig_high_de.jpg?la=de&thn=0&mw=350’ imageUrl: ‘/-/media/manual/professional/images/retinitis_pigmentosa_orig_high_de.jpg?la = en & thn = 0 ‘, title:’ retinitis pigmentosa ‘description:’ u003Ca id = “v37894318 ” class = “”anchor “” u003e u003c / a u003e u003cdiv class = “”para “” u003e u003cp u003eDer typical Funduscopic finding in retinitis pigmentosa is a knochenbälkchenartige hyperpigmentation. Other findings may narrowing of arterioles

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