To traditional religion belongs accountability and responsibility; Spirituality makes fewer demands. People may reject traditional religion, but who see themselves as spiritual. In the USA,> 90% of older people consider themselves as religious or spiritual; about 6 to 10% are atheists and not looking for meaning by a religious or spiritual life. Most research approaches evaluate the religion, not spirituality, and use that dimensions such as attending religious services, the frequency of private religious practice Zierens, the use of religious coping mechanisms (eg. As pray, trust God transfer problems in God, support by the church) and the intrinsic religiosity (internalized religious beliefs).
Religion and spirituality are similar concepts, but not identical. Religion is often seen as stronger institutional and structured and it is believed that more traditional activities, rituals and practices belong. Spirituality is not significantly, tangible and intangible, and thus can be considered a general term that is not associated with a particular group or organization. You can refer to feelings, thoughts, experiences, and behaviors related to the soul or the quest for the Holy. To traditional religion belongs accountability and responsibility; Spirituality makes fewer demands. People may reject traditional religion, but who see themselves as spiritual. In the USA,> 90% of older people consider themselves as religious or spiritual; about 6 to 10% are atheists and not looking for meaning by a religious or spiritual life. Most research approaches evaluate the religion, not spirituality, and use that dimensions such as attending religious services, the frequency of private religious practice Zierens, the use of religious coping mechanisms (eg. As pray, trust God transfer problems in God, support by the church) and the intrinsic religiosity (internalized religious beliefs). For most older people in the US religion plays an important role in their lives, about half will take at least a week attend church services. The religious participation in the elderly more pronounced than in any other age group. For older people, the religious community is the largest source of social support outside the family, and commitment to religious organizations is the most common type of voluntary social activity-it is more common than the combination of all other forms of voluntary social activities. Religion benefits correlated with improved physical and mental health and religious people may suggest that God’s intervention allows these benefits. However, experts can not determine whether the membership contributes to a religious community to health or are attracted whether physically or mentally healthier people from religious groups. If religion is useful, the reason is this-are the religious beliefs evident in itself or other factors-not. Many such factors have been proposed (eg. As psychological benefits, promotion of healthy behaviors, social support). Benefits for the psyche religion can offer the following benefits to the psyche: a positive and hopeful attitude towards life and disease, which predicts an improved health situation and lower mortality rates affects a sense of meaning and purpose in life, health behaviors and social and family relationships A better ability to cope with illness and disability Many older people report that religion is the most important factor for them to deal with physical health problems and stresses of life (eg. as dwindling financial resources, loss of a spouse or partner). In one study relied in tackling health problems and difficult social conditions> 90% of older patients, at least to some extent, on religion. A hopeful, positive attitude towards the future helps people with physical problems to stay motivated for their recovery. The development of depression and anxiety among people with religious coping mechanisms tend to be less likely than those who do not have them; this inverse association is most pronounced in people with greater physical disability. Even the perception of disability seems to be changed by the degree of religiosity. Among older women with hip fractures, the most faithful the slightest depression incidence had, and they could go significantly than those who were less religious after discharge from the hospital. People of faith also recover more quickly from Depressionen.Gesundheitsfördernde behaviors in the elderly active participation correlates in a religious community with better-preserved physical functioning and health. Some religious groups (eg. As Mormons, Seventh-day Adventist Church) advocate health-promoting behaviors, such as avoiding tobacco and heavy alcohol consumption. Members of these groups less likely to develop substance-associated diseases, and they live longer than the general Bevölkerung.Soziale benefits Religious beliefs and practices often encourage the development of social support networks in the community and beyond. Enhanced social contacts increase in the elderly, the probability that a disease is detected early and that they comply with the treatment requirements because interacting members of their community with them and ask them about their health and medical care. Older people who have such community networks, are less prone to Selbstvernachlässigung.Pflegepersonen Religious faith also benefits carers. In a study of caregivers of patients with Alzheimer’s disease or a cancer in the final stage caregivers were with a strong personal religious beliefs and many social contacts better able to cope with the burden of care during a two-year period. Harmful Effects religion is not always beneficial for the elderly. promote religious devotion can promote excessive guilt, lack of flexibility and fear. Religious prejudices and delusions may develop in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia or psychosis. Certain religious groups prevent mental and physical health measures, incl. Potentially life-saving therapies (eg. As blood transfusions, treatment of life-threatening infections, insulin therapy), and can do this by religious rituals replace (z. B. pray, sing and light candles). Some more rigid religious groups can isolate the elderly from uninvolved family members and the wider social community and alienate. The role of the care setting professional discussions with older patients about their religious beliefs and practices help health professionals in the care because these beliefs can affect the mental and physical health of patients. The Erfagen religious affairs at a doctor’s visit is under certain circumstances, including the following, appropriately. If patients are seriously ill, are under significant stress or near death are and ask or suggest that a physician talks to them about religious issues when patients tell a doctor that they are religious and that religion helps them cope with illness when religious needs are obvious and may affect the patient’s health or health behaviors Older people often have different spiritual needs that can overlap each other; but these are not to be equated with mental health needs. The determination of the spiritual needs of patients in mobilizing the necessary resources (pastoral care or support groups, participation in religious activities, social contacts with members of a religious community such. B.) help. Spiritual history A replay of the spiritual history shows elderly patients that the medical professional is willing to discuss spiritual topics. Practitioners, patients can ask if their spiritual beliefs are an important part of their lives, how these beliefs affect the way in which they provide for themselves whether they are part of a religious or spiritual community and how the health professional their spiritual should handle needs. Alternatively, a practitioner may ask the patient to describe their main Bewältigunsgmechanismus. Describes the answer is no religious content, patients may be asked whether religious or spiritual resources represent any help. If the answer is no, the patient can be sensitively asked about barriers to these activities (eg. As transportation problems, deafness, lack of financial resources, depression, lack of motivation, unresolved conflicts) to determine whether the circumstances or their free choice to represent reason. However, doctors should not impose the patient no religious beliefs or opinions or penetrate the patient when no help wollen.Verweis Many of the church members of the Church offer free services for older people at home and at the hospital. Many older patients prefer such advice of a psychologist, because they are more satisfied with the results and because they believe that such advice, as opposed to psychotherapy, is not stigmatized. However, many parishioners of the Church are not trained in psychological health counseling, and they realize u. May not, when older patients need professional psychological support. In contrast, many hospital clerics have regarding a comprehensive education. Mental, social and spiritual needs of older people. Thus, the inclusion of Krankenhausgeistllichen in the health care team can be helpful. You can often bridge the gap between hospital care and care in the community through communication with clergy in the community. If a patient is for. dismissed as out of the hospital, the hospital chaplain may call the pastor of the patient, so support teams can be mobilized in the religious community of the patients who help during recovery of the patient (eg., by the provision of home help, meals or transportation , .Support religious beliefs and practices of patients patients seek by visiting the patient or his caregiver) medical care for health and not for religious reasons. However, medical professionals should not counteract the patient the religious commitment, provided that it does not interfere with the necessary medical care because it can contribute to good health. People who are actively involved in religious groups, particularly those with major religious traditions tend to be healthier. If the patient is not already involved in religious activities, the recommendation of such activities requires tact. However, medical professionals can suggest patients to take religious activities into account, if they seem to be receptive and they can benefit from such activities that create social contacts, reduce alienation and isolation and can enhance the feeling of belonging, meaning and purpose in life. These activities can also help older people align on positive activities rather than on their own problems. However, some activities are only for credulous patients.