Exercise (training for seniors) and healthy eating (s. Dietary recommendations for the prevention of frailty) are recommended for the prevention or reduction of frailty. Older people who regularly perform aerobic sports activities (eg. As walking, swimming, running), increase their life expectancy and have less functional decline than those who are located predominantly. The mood and possibly cognitive function can also be improved. Strength training can help to increase bone mass and reduce the risk of falls and fractures. A healthy diet can reduce the risk for many diseases that contribute to prevent or reduce to weakness, including breast and colon cancer, osteoporosis, obesity and Mangelnährung. Morbidity and mortality can also be reduced.

Frailty is the loss of physiologic reserve, making people prone to disabilities due to minor efforts. Common features of frailty are weakness, motor function, weight loss, muscle atrophy slowed (sarcopenia), exercise intolerance, frequent falls, immobility, incontinence and frequent exacerbations of chronic diseases. Exercise (training for seniors) and healthy eating (s. Dietary recommendations for the prevention of frailty) are recommended for the prevention or reduction of frailty. Older people who regularly perform aerobic sports activities (eg. As walking, swimming, running), increase their life expectancy and have less functional decline than those who are located predominantly. The mood and possibly cognitive function can also be improved. Strength training can help to increase bone mass and reduce the risk of falls and fractures. A healthy diet can reduce the risk for many diseases that contribute to prevent or reduce to weakness, including breast and colon cancer, osteoporosis, obesity and Mangeln√§hrung. Morbidity and mortality can also be reduced. Dietary recommendations for the prevention of frailty Action Description Rationale fat diet restriction of fats to less than about 20 g / day, with 6-10 g polyunsaturated fat (equal amounts of ?-3 and ?-6 fatty acids), ? 2 g saturated fats and the rest as a monounsaturated fat sources of healthy oils: Oily fish (. eg tuna, salmon, mackerel, herring), certain vegetable oils (linseed oil, rapeseed oil, soybean oil), flaxseed and walnuts Reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease Na-reduced diet Optimal be recorded quantity is not known, but some indications point to a reduction in the intake to 2.3 g / day lowers in some people’s blood pressure calcium-rich diet and calcium supplements (Older People 1200 mg / day, most American diets contain only 500-700 mg / day) helps in the maintenance of bone density and reduces the risk of fracture adequate intake of vitamins and minerals mainly due to the consumption of fruit and vegetables vitamin D supplementation (at least 600 IU / day in patients ? 70 years 800 IU / day for patients> 70 years n) in people with average lot or a little calcium in your diet vitamin D prevents bone loss, falls and fractures can various chronic diseases prevent fiber diet is best to achieve by eating fruits, vegetables and grains can prevent colon cancer has a positive effect on serum lipids Moderate alcohol consumption approximately 1 oz (ca. (30 ml) of alcohol / day can be more harmful) can reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease

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