Poisoning By Plants

Very toxic and potentially deadly plants are:

A few commonly grown plants are very poisonous, while many plants are moderately toxic (see table: Moderately toxic plants). No specific antidote is available only for a few poisonous plants. Most plants, including plants in see table: Moderately toxic plants, result in an income to minimal symptoms, unless the leaves and other ingredients were processed or in concentrated form to a paste used for making tea. Very toxic and potentially deadly plants are: castor seeds of the wonder tree / Christ palm and Paternoster bean (also-pea) (Abrus precatorius) Oleander and thimble hemlock, castor bean and Paternoster castor seeds contain ricin, an extremely potent cytotoxin. Paternoster beans contain abrin, a related and even more potent toxin. Castor containing ricin in a relatively impermeable shell, a highly concentrated toxic; For this reason, the shell has to be bitten to release the poison. However, the seed of Paternoster bean is often not intact and a simple bacterial digestion vermttelter can release the toxin abrin. In both cases are among the symptoms of a delayed onset, sometimes severe hemorrhagic gastroenteritis followed by delirium, seizures, coma and death. remove all swallowed beans again with the aim, an intestinal lavage should be considered. Oleander and foxglove These plants and the lily of the valley (similar but less toxic) containing digitalis glycosides. The toxic effect leads to gastroenteritis, confusion, hyperkalemia and cardiac arrhythmias. The determination of serum Digitaliskonzentration can confirm the intake of poison Although, however, is not helpful. Potassium levels should be monitored closely. Hyperkalemia can only be treated with hemodialysis may. Calcium is not recommended for the treatment of cardiac arrhythmias. Digoxin-specific Fab (antigen-binding antibody fragments) were used for the arrhythmia. A hemlock hemlock poisoning (spotted hemlock and water hemlock) can ithin trigger 15 min symptoms. The spotted hemlock has a nicotine-like action, starting with dry mouth and proceeding with tachycardia, tremors, sweating reinforced, mydriasis, seizures and muscle paralysis. Rhabdomyolysis and bradycardia may occur. The water hemlock appears to enhance the ?-aminobutyric acid (GABA) activity. Symptoms include then gastroenteritis, delirium, intractable seizures and coma. Moderately toxic plants plant symptoms therapy aconitine (z. B. from Eisenhut) bradycardia, cardiac arrhythmias, paresthesia, weakness Supportive treatment sodium bicarbonate Aloe spp. Gastroenteritis, nephritis, skin irritation Supportive care and rinse with soap and water Aristolochia spp. (Aristolochia) tubulointerstitial nephropathy Supportive treatment Azalea cholinergic symptoms Supportive care and atropine Caladium spp. (Caladium, z. B. Stained root) Oral mucosal injury due to the Ca-oxalate in the leaves Supportive treatment with (z. B. with milk or ice) Capsicum spp. (Paprika) mucosal irritation and swelling Supportive care, conditioner colchicine (autumn crocus) Delayed gastroenteritis, multiple organ failure myelosuppression Supportive treatment and possibly experimental as a last resort administration of colchicine-specific Fab fragments * cyanogenic glycosides (eg. As in Prunus spp. [Eg. B. peach, apricot and cherry stones wild], Malus spp. [z. B. apple cores] and other cores) of cyanide poisoning symptoms hydroxocobalamin cyanide antidote putty (from amyl nitrate, sodium nitrite and sodium thiosulfate) Belladonna Anticholinergic symptoms, hyperthermia, seizures, hallucinations Supportive treatment in severe hyperthermia or seizures may physostigmine dieffenbachia (Arum) Oral mucosal injury due to Ca oxalate crystals Supporting in the leaves treated with such. B. Broad bean with milk or ice cream in patients with G6PD deficiency: Supporting gastroenteritis, fever, headache, anemia treatment in severe anemia and poisoning: if necessary, exchange transfusion Green potatoes and potato sprouts gastroenteritis, hallucinations, delirium Supportive treatment holly berries gastroenteritis (Supportive treatment Thorn apple Datura) Anticholinergic symptoms, hyperthermia, seizures, hallucinations Supportive treatment in severe hyperthermia or seizures: possibly physostigmine licorice (not the artificially flavored candy) hypokalemia, hypertension and retention of water and sodium (pseudohyperaldosteronism) Supportive Lily of hyperkalemia, gastroenteritis, confusion, heart rhythm disturbances See Herzglykoside mistletoe gastroenteritis Supportive care: nettle Local itching and burning Supportive treatment nightshade plants (Solanum), shrubs or trees gastroenteritis, hallucinations, delirium Supportive treatment pennyroyal (Mentha polegium) hepatotoxicity N-acetylcysteine ??Philodendron spp. Oral mucosal injury due to Ca oxalate crystals in leaves Supportive care and demulsification (z. B. with milk or ice) Poinsettia (Euphorbia pucherrima) Slight mucosal irritation Needless Toxicodendron pubescens (Toxicodendron radicans) dermatitis See dermatitis pokeweed mucosal irritations, gastroenteritis Supportive treatment Aronstabgewächse oral mucosal injury due to Ca oxalate crystals in leaves Supportive care and demulsification (eg. As with milk or ice) Yew gastroenteritis Rare: convulsions, cardiac arrhythmias, coma Supportive care * Available only in France. Fab = fractional antibodies.

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