The papilledema (papilledema) is a swelling of the optic nerve head due to increased intracranial pressure (increased intracranial pressure). Papillenschwellungen of causes not related to increased intracranial pressure (eg. As malignant hypertension, thrombosis of the central Retinalvene) are not called papilledema. There are no early symptoms, although the vision may be disturbed for a few seconds. In papilledema must be immediately looked for the cause. The diagnosis is made by ophthalmoscopy with subsequent studies, most brain imaging and sometimes a subsequent lumbar puncture to determine the cause. Treatment is directed at the underlying disease.

A papilledema is a sign of increased intracranial pressure and occurs almost always on a bilateral basis. The causes include:

The papilledema (papilledema) is a swelling of the optic nerve head due to increased intracranial pressure (increased intracranial pressure). Papillenschwellungen of causes not related to increased intracranial pressure (eg. As malignant hypertension, thrombosis of the central Retinalvene) are not called papilledema. There are no early symptoms, although the vision may be disturbed for a few seconds. In papilledema must be immediately looked for the cause. The diagnosis is made by ophthalmoscopy with subsequent studies, most brain imaging and sometimes a subsequent lumbar puncture to determine the cause. Treatment is directed at the underlying disease. A papilledema is a sign of increased intracranial pressure and occurs almost always on a bilateral basis. The causes include: brain tumor abscess brain trauma or hemorrhage or meningitis arachnoid adhesions Cavernous or dural sinus thrombosis encephalitis idiopathic intracranial hypertension (pseudotumor cerebri), a disease with increased intracranial pressure and without mass. Symptoms and discomfort for patients with papilledema, visual acuity is initially usually not affected, but a temporary graying of the visual field, flickering, Verschwommen- or double vision can occur. Patients may have symptoms of increased intracranial pressure, such as headache or nausea and vomiting. Pain missing. The ophthalmoscopic examination shows swollen and tortuous retinal veins, a hyperemic and swollen papilla (ONH) and retinal hemorrhages around the optic disc, but not in the peripheral retina. An isolated papilledema (z. B. caused by optic neuritis and ischemic optic neuropathy) without retinal findings as an indication of increased intracranial pressure is not called papilledema. Papilledema figure provided by James Garrity, M.D. var model = {thumbnailUrl: ‘/-/media/manual/professional/images/papilledema_orig_high_de.jpg?la=de&thn=0&mw=350’ imageUrl: ‘/-/media/manual/professional/images/papilledema_orig_high_de.jpg?la = en & thn = 0 ‘, title:’ choked ‘, description:’ u003Ca id = “v37894279 ” class = “”anchor “” u003e u003c / a u003e u003cdiv class = “”para “” u003e u003cp u003eZu the Funduscopic findings in papilledema are swollen and tortuous retinal veins

Health Life Media Team

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