Secondary Erythrocytosis

(Secondary polycythemia) A secondary erythrocytosis develops as a result of another disease or circulating erythropoiesis-stimulating substances. In secondary erythrocytosis only the number of red blood cells is increased, while in the polycythemia vera (polycythemia vera) may increase the number of erythrocytes, leukocytes and platelets. Any increase in hemoglobin and hematocrit above normal for age and sex is considered erythrocytosis. A secondary erythrocytosis develops as a result of another disease or…

Read More >>

Schrecksynkopen By Breath-Holding

Seizures due to respiratory arrests have episodes where the child involuntarily stops shortly after a frightening or emotionally exciting event or after a painful experience to breathe and is unconscious. Schrecksynkopen by respiratory arrest occur in about 5% of healthy children. They usually begin in the first year of life and have their peak incidence at the age of 2 years. They disappear at the age of 4 years at…

Read More >>

Schwermetallnephropathie

Exposure to heavy metals and other toxins can cause tubulointerstitial disorders. Heavy metals (eg. As lead, cadmium, copper) and other toxins can cause a form of chronic interstitial nephritis. Exposure to heavy metals and other toxins can cause tubulointerstitial disorders. Heavy metals (eg. As lead, cadmium, copper) and other toxins can cause a form of chronic interstitial nephritis. Lead-induced nephropathy Chronic tubulointerstitial nephritis is caused by accumulation of lead in…

Read More >>

Salivary Gland Tumors

Most salivary gland tumors are benign and develop in the parotid gland. A painless swelling is the most common symptom and must be clarified by fine needle aspiration biopsy. Imaging techniques such as CT and MRI are diagnostically revealing. In malignant tumors treatment in excision and radiation there. The long-term results depend on the tumor stage. In approximately 85% of the salivary gland tumors, the parotid glands (Glandulae parotideae) concerned,…

Read More >>

Sarcoidosis

Sarcoidosis is a disease caused by non-caseating granulomas in one or more organs and tissues; the etiology is unknown. Most commonly the lungs and lymph system are concerned, however, sarcoidosis can affect all organs. Pulmonary symptoms varies from asymptomatic to exertional dyspnea and rarely pulmonary insufficiency or failure of other organ systems. The diagnosis is usually suspected primarily because of lung involvement and confirmed by a chest x-ray, a biopsy…

Read More >>

Säuglingshämangiome

Säuglingshämangiome are raised, red or purplish, hyperplastic vascular lesions that occur during the first year of life. Mostly, however, they form spontaneously back unless they impede vision, obstruct the airway or other structures, they must be treated. The ideal treatment varies, depending on many patient-specific factors. Infantile hemangiomas are the most common tumors of infancy, affecting 10-12% of children under one year. Deeper lesions are sometimes visible only after a…

Read More >>

Saw Palmetto

The berries of the plant (Serenoa repens, Serenoa serrulata) contain the active ingredients of Saw palmetto. However, the compounds may possibly be the fatty acids which inhibit 5-alpha reductase and thus stem the conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone. The fruits can prepare themselves as tea or process as extracts in the form of tablets, capsules or liquid preparations. Recipes were mostly studied with hexane extracts of Saw palmetto fruits in…

Read More >>

Scabies

Scabies is the infestation of the skin with the mite Sarcoptes scabiei. Scabies causes intense itching lesions with erythematous papules and programs in the interdigital spaces, wrists, waist and genitals. The diagnosis is made by physical examination and wet mount. To treat topical Skabizide or rare ivermectin can be used. Scabies is the infestation of the skin with the mite Sarcoptes scabiei. Scabies causes intense itching lesions with erythematous papules…

Read More >>

Scheuermann

(Scheuermann’s disease) The Scheuermann’s disease is an osteochondrosis, causing localized changes in the vertebral bodies, resulting in back pain and kyphosis. The Scheuermann’s disease manifests itself in adolescence, with boys being more commonly affected. It probably represents a group of diseases with similar symptoms, the etiology and pathogenesis but are not known. The cause may be a osteochondrosis of the upper and lower cartilage plates of a vertebra or trauma….

Read More >>

Rosacea

(Acne rosacea) Rosacea (acne rosacea) is a chronic, inflammatory disease that causes the facial flushing, telangiectasia, erythema, papules and pustules, and accompanied in severe cases with a Rhinophyma. The diagnosis is made based on the typical appearance and history. Treatment depends on the severity of the disease and occurs with topical metronidazole, topical and oral antibiotics, often with isotretinoin, as well as a pronounced Rhinophyma surgically. Most patients aged 30-50…

Read More >>