A certain amount of anxiety is in certain situations of adaptation: it can help people to prepare to run things and practice and thus increase their efficiency, and help to exercise due care in potentially dangerous situations. However, if a certain level is exceeded, fear leads to malfunctions and negative stress (distress). At this point, it is inappropriate and must be regarded as interference.
Everyone does every now and then the experience of fear and anxiety. Fear is an emotional, physical and behavioral response to a specific external threat (eg. As a burglar, spinning the car on an icy road). Fear is a burdensome, unpleasant emotional state of nervousness and discomfort; their causes are less clear. Fear is less strongly bound to the exact time of the threat; they can occur in anticipation of a threat (anticipatory anxiety), persist after the threat has passed, or even occur without an identifiable threat. When anxiety is often related physical changes and behaviors demonstrate how they are caused by fear. A certain amount of anxiety is in certain situations of adaptation: it can help people to prepare to run things and practice and thus increase their efficiency, and help to exercise due care in potentially dangerous situations. However, if a certain level is exceeded, fear leads to malfunctions and negative stress (distress). At this point, it is inappropriate and must be regarded as interference. Many physical and mental disorders Anxiety occurs, but as a symptom it applies only to a few errors. Anxiety disorders are more common than all other mental disorders. Nevertheless, they are often not recognized and therefore not treated. Untreated chronic unreasonable fears can contribute to the emergence of some general physical diseases or complicate their treatment. Mental stress, which occurs immediately or shortly after the experience or the experience of an overwhelming traumatic event is no more than an anxiety disorder classified. Such disorders are now classified as trauma and stressor-related diseases (acute stress disorder (ASD) and Professional.heading on page posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)). Etiology The causes of anxiety disorders are not fully known, but both psychiatric and general medical factors play a role. Many people develop anxiety disorders without a concrete of previous trigger is detected. Fear can be a response to various stressors in the environment, such as the sudden end of an important relationship or confrontation with a life-threatening event. Some common diseases can be directly triggering fear; these include the following: hyperthyroidism pheochromocytoma Hyperadrenocorticism heart failure arrhythmias Asthma COPD Other causes include the use of drugs / medicines; the effects of corticosteroids, cocaine, amphetamines, and even caffeine can mimic anxiety disorders. Even the withdrawal from alcohol, sedatives, and some illicit drugs can trigger anxiety. Symptoms and signs anxiety can occur suddenly and manifest themselves as panic, or it can gradually build over many minutes, hours or even days. Anxiety may last only a few seconds, but also years; a longer duration is more characteristic of anxiety disorders. Anxiety ranges from hardly noticeable discomfort up to total panic. The ability to tolerate a certain amount of fear is pronounced differently in each person. Anxiety disorders can be so distressing and disruptive that they may lead to depression. Conversely, a Angsstörung and a depressive disorder may coexist, or it can develop depression at first, and the symptoms of an anxiety disorder appear later. Diagnostic exclusion of other causes assessing the severity Deciding when the fear is so pervasive and powerful that it is a disorder requiring treatment depends on several variables, and physicians differ in at which point they make the diagnosis. The doctors must first determine on the basis of history, physical examination and appropriate laboratory tests, whether the fear of a general medical condition or a substance is due. It should also be clarified whether the fear can not be better accounted for by another mental disorder. An anxiety disorder exists and deserves a treat when the following is true: There are no other causes identified. The anxiety is very distressing. The fear interferes with the ability to function. The fear does not stop spontaneously within a few days. The diagnosis of a specific anxiety disorder is provided due to their characteristic symptoms and signs. Doctors use is generally given to specific criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), which describes the specific symptoms and requires the exclusion of other causes of the symptoms. A family history of anxiety disorders helps in diagnosis because some patients seem to inherit a predisposition to the same anxiety disorders, under which their relatives are suffering, and a general susceptibility to other anxiety disorders. However, some patients seem to acquire by learned behavior, the same faults as their relatives. Treatment The treatments for the various anxiety disorders vary, but typically they consist of a combination of disorder-specific psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy. The classes of drugs most commonly used are benzodiazepines and SSRIs.