Most nail infections are fungal infections (onychomycosis Onychomykose-), but bacterial and viral infections can also occur (eg. B. Green nail syndrome [Pseudomonas], herpes whitlow [herpes simplex virus-1]). Even a parasite infestation as crusted scabies can lead to changes in the nail plate. When paronychia is actually not an infection of the nail, but the periungual tissue.

Many skin diseases also affect the nails, including dysplasia, nail infections, paronychia and ingrown toenails (ingrown toenail). Nail changes can occur or in the context of many systemic diseases and genetic syndromes resulting from injuries. Most nail infections are fungal infections (onychomycosis Onychomykose-), but bacterial and viral infections can also occur (eg. B. Green nail syndrome [Pseudomonas], herpes whitlow [herpes simplex virus-1]). Even a parasite infestation as crusted scabies can lead to changes in the nail plate. When paronychia is actually not an infection of the nail, but the periungual tissue. Common warts (verruca vulgaris) are formed by a papillomavirus infection and often infect the proximal nail fold, as well as occasionally the subungual region. Onychophagia (nail biting) favors the spread of this infection. In this area, warts are particularly difficult to treat, liquid nitrogen is occasionally successful. Toenails should be particularly monitored with peripheral vascular disease in elderly patients, in diabetics or patients, a professional podiatrist can prevent local damage and secondary infections.

Comments

Leave a Reply

Sign In

Register

Reset Password

Please enter your username or email address, you will receive a link to create a new password via email.