The excess nasal discharge causes a runny nose. It might be a thick mucus, a thin transparent fluid, or something in between. Your throat, nose or both may be the source of the leakage.
A runny nose is called “rhinorrhea” or “rhinitis.” A thin, primarily clear nasal discharge is referred to as rhinorrhea. The term “rhinitis” describes the swelling of the nasal tissues. A runny nose is frequently a symptom of rhinitis.
You could or might not also experience nasal congestion if you have a runny nose.
What makes rhinorrhea a problem?
Rhinorrhea frequently goes away on its own. A runny nose may indicate additional problems, such as those mentioned above, if it continues or lasts longer than ten days. Consult your doctor if a fever is present that is high.
How should rhinorrhea be assessed?
Your health care physician could recommend seeing an allergist if your runny nose is chronic. An expert in ears, nose, and throat (ENT) may also be contacted (Otolaryngologist). The doctor will take a thorough medical history before the expert examines the front and interior of the nose. For a clearer view of the nose, a speculum may be utilized. In some circumstances, your doctor may use a flexible fiberoptic camera to examine the whole nasal cavity to the back of the nose (nasopharynx). General anesthesia is not required for this procedure to be performed in a clinic.
What is the remedy for rhinorrhea?
Once the cause of the runny nose has been identified, treatment options include:
- Waiting it out.
- Cleaning the nose with nasal sprays.
- Taking oral or nasal drugs.
- Even having surgery.
What are rhinorrhea’s long-term effects?
The long-term effects might differ depending on what caused the runny nose in the first place. If they are chronic, nose blockage and irritation might affect your quality of life. A blocked nasal passage might impact the quality of sleep. Rarely, untreated acute sinus infections might progress to more dangerous illnesses. Due to the middle ear’s drainage system passing via the back of the nose, nasal blockage and rhinorrhea may affect the health of the ears and hearing (nasopharynx).
Anything that irritates or inflames the nasal tissues might result in a runny nose. A runny nose can be brought on by several things, including allergies, irritants, and infections like the common cold and influenza. Nonallergic rhinitis, also known as vasomotor rhinitis, is the name given to a disorder where certain people consistently have runny noses for no apparent reason.
Less frequently, polyps, foreign substances, tumors, or migraine-like symptoms can induce a runny nose.
Runny nose triggers include:
- Chronic sinusitis (nasal and sinus infection)
- Cigarette Smoke
- Persistent sinusitis
- Chugg-Strauss disease
- Typical cold
- Overuse of decongestant nasal spray
- Divergent septum
- 2019 Coronavirus disease (COVID-19)
- Dry air
- Wegener’s granulomatosis, also known as granulomatosis with polyangiitis
- Hormone adjustments
- Influenza (flu)
- Lodged item
- Medications, including those for high blood pressure, erectile dysfunction, depression, seizures, and other ailments
- Nose growths
- Nonallergic rhinophyma (chronic congestion or sneezing not related to allergies)
- Workplace asthma
- Syncytial respiratory virus (RSV)
- A leak of spinal fluid
When to Visit A Doctor
Even though having a runny nose might be bothersome and painful, it typically goes away on its own. Sometimes, it could be a precursor to something more serious. In babies, a runny nose might be severe.
If -Your symptoms persist for longer than ten days, call your doctor.
Your temperature is high.
You have a yellow and green nasal discharge and sinus discomfort or fever. This can indicate the presence of bacteria.
After a head injury, you have a continuous clear discharge with blood.
If this happens to a kid younger than two months old with a fever, you might need to call the doctor.
Congestion or a runny nose in your newborn makes it challenging to nurse or breathe.
Try the following easy actions to ease symptoms before you visit your doctor:
Either you are softly blowing your nose or sniffing and swallowing.
Avoid things that cause allergies.
Allergies may cause symptoms if your runny nose is followed by sneezing, itchy or watery eyes, and a persistent, watery discharge. A nonprescription (OTC) antihistamine could be helpful. A nasal steroid available over-the-counter (OTC) such as budesonide (Rhinocort Allergy), fluticasone (Flonase Allergy Relief), or triamcinolone may also be used (Nasacort Allergy 24 Hour). Make careful you adhere according to the label’s recommendations.
Use a soft rubber suction bulb to remove any secretions from infants and young children gently.
If you get a postnasal drip, which occurs when too much mucus accumulates in the back of your throat, try these remedies:
Avoid irritating stimuli like cigarette smoke and erratic humidity swings.
Take in a lot of water.
Try using saline nasal rinses or sprays.