Although most complications of obesity in adulthood occur (obesity), have obese adolescents rather high blood pressure than their peers. Type 2 diabetes mellitus (diabetes mellitus (DM): Type 2) occurs in young people due to insulin resistance associated with obesity, with increased frequency. Because of the social stigma of obesity many overweight adolescents have a poor self-image and become less active and increasingly socially isolated.

One of the most common reasons for a performance at the youth clinic is obesity, which is now twice as common in young people as 30 years ago. Although less than one-third of obese adults were obese as teenagers, most obese adolescents remain obese in adulthood. Although most complications of obesity in adulthood occur (obesity), have obese adolescents rather high blood pressure than their peers. Type 2 diabetes mellitus (diabetes mellitus (DM): Type 2) occurs in young people due to insulin resistance associated with obesity, with increased frequency. Because of the social stigma of obesity many overweight adolescents have a poor self-image and become less active and increasingly socially isolated. Etiology The factors that influence obesity in adolescents are the same as in adults. Most cases are external (eg. As excessive caloric intake and / or low nutritional quality), often combined with leisure activities in the seats. Genetic influences made; responsible genes are being identified (obesity and metabolic syndrome). Parents are often concerned that obesity is the result of a form of endocrine disorders such as hypothyroidism (hypothyroidism) or hyperadrenocorticism, but such diseases are rarely the cause. Young people with weight gain due to endocrine disorders are usually small in stature and have other symptoms of the underlying disease. Diagnosis Body Mass Index An important part of the physical examination is to determine the body mass index (BMI, diagnosis). Young people whose BMI is ? 95th percentile for their age and gender, are obese. Rarely are primarily endocrine (eg Hyperadrenokortisolismus or Cushing’s syndrome, hypothyroidism.) Or metabolic causes; However, they should be excluded, provided that the size and growth slows significantly. Too small children with hypertension should be to Cushing’s syndrome (Cushing’s syndrome) think. Therapy Healthy eating and exercise habits Despite many therapeutic approaches to obesity one of the most difficult problems remain; the long-term success rate of treatment is low. The intervention for obese adolescents should focus on the development of healthy eating and exercise habits, not on losing a certain amount of weight. The calorie intake is reduced by building a balanced diet with normal foods introducing permanent changes in eating habits The burning of calories is increased by increasing physical activity summer camp for overweight teens can help them to lose a significant amount of weight, but without continuous efforts returns the weight back as a rule. Psychological counseling to help young people in dealing with their problems, including poor self-esteem, may be helpful. Drugs that help to reduce the weight, are not usually used in adolescence due to concerns about their safety and possible abuse. An exception is made for obese adolescents with a strong family history of diabetes type 2. You have to develop a high risk of diabetes. The drug metformin, which is used to treat diabetes, can help them to lose weight and reduce their risk of diabetes.

Health Life Media Team

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