Nichttyphöse Salmonella cause primarily gastroenteritis, bacteremia and focal infections. The symptoms consist of diarrhea, high fever with fatigue or signs of focal infection. The diagnosis is confirmed by the cultural detection of pathogens from blood, stool or local materials. The therapy is performed surgically if indicated with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, ciprofloxacin, azithromycin or ceftriaxone in abscesses, vascular lesions, and bone and joint infections.

Nichttyphöse Salmonella infections are common and place in the United States continues to be a significant public health problem is. Thank Salmonella serotypes were given names that are used as species name, even though they do not denote species (overview of infections with Salmonella). Most nichttyphösen Salmonellaalmonella infections caused by S. enterica subspecies enterica serotype Enteritidis rica, S. Typhimurium, S. Newport, S. Heidelberg, and S. Javiana.

Nichttyphöse Salmonella cause primarily gastroenteritis, bacteremia and focal infections. The symptoms consist of diarrhea, high fever with fatigue or signs of focal infection. The diagnosis is confirmed by the cultural detection of pathogens from blood, stool or local materials. The therapy is performed surgically if indicated with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, ciprofloxacin, azithromycin or ceftriaxone in abscesses, vascular lesions, and bone and joint infections. Nichttyphöse Salmonella infections are common and place in the United States continues to be a significant public health problem is. Thank Salmonella serotypes were given names that are used as species name, even though they do not denote species (overview of infections with Salmonella). Most nichttyphösen Salmonellaalmonella infections caused by S. enterica subspecies enterica serotype Enteritidis rica, S. Typhimurium, S. Newport, S. Heidelberg, and S. Javiana. Human Diseases occur through direct and indirect contact with numerous species of infected animals, the findings of such foods and their excretions. Contaminated meat, poultry, raw milk, eggs, egg products and water are common sources of salmonella infection. Other sources described are for. B. infected turtles and reptiles that are kept as pets, ruby ??color and contaminated marijuana. Risk factors for a Salmonella infection is a subtotal gastrectomy, achlorhydria (or antacids), hemolytic states (eg. As sickle cell anemia, Oroya fever, malaria), Bartonellosis, splenectomy, lice relapsing fever, liver cirrhosis, leukemia, lymphoma and HIV infection. Diseases caused by Salmonella sp nichttyphöse caused all Salmonella serotypes can cause any or all of the below mentioned clinical syndromes, however, specific serotypes tend to formation of specific syndromes. For example leads. B. S. Paratyphi type A, B and C to the enteric fever. An asymptomatic carrier state exists. However, chronic carriers are rare and seem to have no significant role in major outbreaks playing nichttyphöser gastroenteritis. Only about 0.2-0.6% of all patients with nichttyphösen Salmonella infection leads to a more than ? 1 year persistent elimination of pathogens in the stool. Symptoms and signs A salmonella infection can manifest as gastroenteritis enteric fever bacteremia Focal disease A gastroenteritis usually begin 12-48 hours after ingestion of pathogens with nausea and cramping abdominal pain, followed by diarrhea, fever and sometimes vomiting. The stools are usually watery, but can also have an ointment-like, semi-solid consistency. Rarely mucus or blood in are available. The disease is usually mild and lasts 1-4 days. Occasionally a more serious and prolonged illness. Approximately 10-30% of adults develop weeks to months after the diarrhea stops, a reactive arthritis. This disease causes pain and swelling, usually in the hip, knee and Achilles tendon. The enteric fever extends less severe than typhoid and is characterized by fever, prostration and septicemia. Bacteremia relatively rare in patients with gastroenteritis, except for children and seniors. However, S. choleraesuis, S. Typhimurium and S. Heidelberg and other serotypes can cause a persistent and often fatal extending bacteremic syndrome, which lasts for ? 1 week with sustained fever, headache, malaise, and chills, diarrhea rarely associated. There may be recurrent in patients bacteremic episodes or other salmonella Conditional invasive infections (eg., Septic arthritis). Multiple Salmonella infections in patients without other risk factors should be reason for immediate HIV testing. A focal salmonella infection can occur with or without a persistent bacteremia and leads to pain or radiating from the involved organ – the gastrointestinal tract (liver, gall bladder, appendix), endothelial surfaces (. E.g., atherosclerotic plaques, ileofemorale or aortic aneurysms, heart valves), pericardium , meninges, lungs, joints, bones, urogenital tract, or soft tissues. Preexisting solid tumors are sometimes scattered and develop abscesses, which in turn can be a source of a Salmonellenbakteriämie. S. choleraesuis and S. typhimurium are the most common causes of focal infection. Salmonella (skin lesions) Image courtesy of Dr. Thomas F. Sellers, Emory University, on Public Health Image Library of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. var model = {thumbnailUrl: ‘/-/media/manual/professional/images/salmonella_skin_orig_high_de.jpg?la=de&thn=0&mw=350’ imageUrl: ‘/-/media/manual/professional/images/salmonella_skin_orig_high_de.jpg?la = en & thn = 0 ‘, title:’ Salmonella (skin lesions) ‘description:’ u003Ca id = “v37895920 ” class = “”anchor “” u003e u003c / a u003e u003cdiv class = “”para “” u003e u003cp u003eOsteomyelitis can be caused by u003ci u003eSalmonella u003c / i u003e. The infection in the patient in this figure occurred in one patient with sickle cell anemia on u003c / p u003e u003c / div u003e ‘credits’. Image courtesy of Dr. . Thomas F. Sellers

Comments

Leave a Reply

Sign In

Register

Reset Password

Please enter your username or email address, you will receive a link to create a new password via email.