About 50% of nail dystrophy are caused by fungal infections. The rest have different causes such. As injuries, congenital abnormalities, psoriasis, lichen planus, and occasionally cancer. The diagnosis results from the physical examination findings, but often native preparations and cultures are made. Nail dystrophy can be fixed together with the underlying cause; if not can often disguise by appropriate shaping and polishing of the nail professional nail nurses nail changes.

Dysplasias are often considered together with dystrophies, while the two are slightly different; Dysplasias are generally considered gross changes in the nail-shape while dystrophies changes in the nail structure or composition (z. B. onychomycosis) are. About 50% of nail dystrophy are caused by fungal infections. The rest have different causes such. As injuries, congenital abnormalities, psoriasis, lichen planus, and occasionally cancer. The diagnosis results from the physical examination findings, but often native preparations and cultures are made. Nail dystrophy can be fixed together with the underlying cause; if not can often disguise by appropriate shaping and polishing of the nail professional nail nurses nail changes. Congenital dysplasia congenital ectodermal dysplasia Some Nails (anonychia) are missing. In the Pachyonychia Congenita the nail beds are thickened, discolored and excessively bent transversely (claw-shaped onychodysplasia). When nail-patella syndrome (nail-patella syndrome) are triangular lunulae and partly the thumbnails missing. Patients with Darier’s disease may have nails with red and white stripes and a distal V-shaped notch. Dysplasia and dystrophies when systemic diseases When Plummer-Vinson syndrome (oesophageal networks caused by a heavy untreated iron deficiency) have 50% of patients on koilonychia (concave, spoon-shaped nails). Koilonychia DR P. MARAZZI / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY var model = {thumbnailUrl: ‘/-/media/manual/professional/images/m1900072-koilonychia-science-photo-library-high_de.jpg?la=de&thn=0&mw=350’ imageUrl: ‘/-/media/manual/professional/images/m1900072-koilonychia-science-photo-library-high_de.jpg?la=de&thn=0’, title: ‘koilonychia’ description: ‘ u003Ca id = ” v37894829 “class = ” anchor “” u003e u003c / a u003e u003cdiv class = “” para “” u003e u003cp u003eCharakteristisch spoon-shaped (concave) nail of a patient with iron deficiency anemia. u003c / p u003e u003c / div u003e ‘credits’ DR P. MARAZZI / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY’

Health Life Media Team

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