Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a common cause of pneumonia, especially community-acquired.
Mycoplasmas are ubiquitous bacteria that are different from other prokaryotes is that they lack a cell wall. Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a common cause of pneumonia, especially community-acquired. There is increasing evidence that M. genitalium and Ureaplasma urealyticum in some cases lead to urethritis nichtgonorrhöischer. These (and M. hominis) are often in patients with other urogenital infections (eg vaginitis, cervicitis, pyelonephritis, PID.) And some nichturogenitalen infections present; but it is unclear whether they cause these infections. Mycoplasmas are not visible in the light microscope. The culture is technically difficult and often not available, but a laboratory diagnosis is sometimes with the aid of nucleic acid amplification assay (NAATs) or by detecting antibodies possible; often, the diagnosis must be made by exclusion. A NAAT for M. pneumoniae is part of a commercially available panels that tests a plurality of respiratory pathogens. Macrolides are usually the anti-infectives of choice. Most species are also sensitive to fluoroquinolones and tetracyclines. It was reported by macrolide-resistant infections; Fluoroquinolones or tetracyclines should be considered high macrolide resistance in patients with refractory disease, especially in areas.