(Epidemic parotitis)

Mumps is an acute, contagious, systemic viral disease that usually a painful swelling of the salivary glands, usually the parotid gland leads. There may be complications such as orchitis, meningoencephalitis and pancreatitis. The diagnosis is clinically usually; all cases are reported to the health department immediately. Treatment is supportive. Vaccination is an effective preventive measure.

The causative virus, a paramyxovirus, is spread by droplets or saliva. The virus enters probably through the nose or mouth into the body. It is in the saliva up to 7 days before salivary gland swelling is at maximum transmission shortly before the development of mumps. It is available at a CNS involvement in cerebrospinal fluid in blood and urine. A well-made disease usually confers lifelong immunity.

Mumps is an acute, contagious, systemic viral disease that usually a painful swelling of the salivary glands, usually the parotid gland leads. There may be complications such as orchitis, meningoencephalitis and pancreatitis. The diagnosis is clinically usually; all cases are reported to the health department immediately. Treatment is supportive. Vaccination is an effective preventive measure. The causative virus, a paramyxovirus, is spread by droplets or saliva. The virus enters probably through the nose or mouth into the body. It is in the saliva up to 7 days before salivary gland swelling is at maximum transmission shortly before the development of mumps. It is available at a CNS involvement in cerebrospinal fluid in blood and urine. A well-made disease usually confers lifelong immunity. Mumps is not as contagious as measles. It occurs mainly in unimmunized populations, but outbreaks among largely immunized populations have taken place. A combination of failed primary vaccination (absence of immunity after vaccination) with decreasing immunity may play a role in these outbreaks. In 2006, there was a resurgence of mumps in the United States with 6,584 cases that occurred mainly in young adults with prior vaccination. Two smaller outbreaks occurred from 2009 to 2010; one of them had 3000 cases, especially among people in the high school age in a religious community in New York City. In the first half of 2014 871 cases occurred; many of them in bursts of four US universities. As with measles and mumps cases leading to indigenous transmission, especially for large gatherings of people (eg. As at universities) or in closed communities (conservative z. B. Jewish communities) can be imported. The frequency maximum mumps is between the end of winter and the beginning of spring. The disease occurs at any age, most often, but in children <2 years, especially in children <1 year, it is very unusual. Approximately 25-30% of cases run clinically blending into. Symptoms and discomfort after a 12-24-day incubation period, most patients develop headache, anorexia, malaise, and a slight fever to mittelgradiges. The salivary glands swell 12 to 24 hours later, accompanied by fever up to 39.5 to 40 ┬░ C. The fever has over 24-72 h to. The salivary glands are swollen maximum on the second day, which lasts 5-7 days. Participating glands are extremely sensitive during the febrile phase. Parotitis is usually present on both sides, but it can be one-sided, especially during insertion. The first signs are pain when chewing or swallowing, particularly when swallowing acidic liquids such. As vinegar or lemon juice. Later there is a swelling of the parotid gland in front of and below the ear. Occasionally swell the submandibular and sublingual glands; rarely these glands are affected. With a participation of the submandibular gland leads to neck swelling below the lower jaw, and it can develop a suprasternales edema, possibly due to lymphatic obstruction by enlarged salivary glands. With a participation of Sublingualdr├╝sen can cause swelling of the tongue. The oral holes of the affected glands are edematous inflamed swollen and easily. The skin over the glands may be stretched and shiny. Mumps Image courtesy of Sylvan Stool, M.D. var model = {thumbnailUrl: '/-/media/manual/professional/images/mumps_high_de.jpg?la=de&thn=0&mw=350' imageUrl: '/-/media/manual/professional/images/mumps_high_de.jpg?la = en & thn = 0 ', title:' mumps 'description:' u003Ca id = "v37897989 " class = ""anchor "" u003e u003c / a u003e u003cdiv class = ""para "" u003e u003cp u003eDieses picture shows a child with right-sided parotid swelling due to mumps parotitis that covers the angle of the mandible. Parotitis caused also characteristic of a withdrawal of the earlobe up and out

Health Life Media Team

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