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It may happen a few times a month, Migraines You know a headache is coming because you feel strange: You get that spinning feeling, there’s a ringing in your ears, you see jagged lines, or daylight makes you wince. And once it hits, the strain and pain can put your day’s activities on hold.
Migraines with aura consist of about a 25% of all migraines. Even though if you get auras in some of your migraines, you may not get one with every a migraine. Some adolescents and older adults may get an aura without delayed pain.
Although Migraines can be quite painful and cause you feel “off,” these headaches are not life-threatening; however, they do impact your quality of life. There are steps you can take as well as medications and devices that can assist in treating the symptoms and prevent a migraine with auras.
Scientists aren’t sure what causes a migraine, but many brain chemicals like play a role.
Based off of one theory, a wave of nerve cell activity flows across the brain and stimulates the trigeminal nerve. This excitation produces the discharge of a variety of neurotransmitters which generated a variation in the size of the blood vessels releasing additional neurotransmitters and ultimately leading to swelling process and pain.
The aura which about 20% of migraine patients suffer from is thought to be due to this electrical wave traveling across the portion of your brain that interprets signals from your senses.
A migraine often occurs in families, genetically. They commonly arise in childhood and worsens through adolescence. Even though more boys than girls have a migraine, as sufferers become older, more adult tend women than men have them. Over time, you’ll get fewer migraines, and they become less prevalent after age 50.
About a one-third of sufferers will get warning indications hours or days before a migraine. This is referred to as the prodrome or pre-headache phase. You may:
- Need to urinate frequently
- Crave foods
- Get “hyper” or cranky
- Develop constipated or have diarrhea
- Feel stiff, especially your neck
- Be fatigued and yawn more
- Need to urinate more often
Auras often begin about an hour or so before a headache. They are not just forms of distorted vision, however. Auras can affect any of your senses, such as hearing or smell or touching.
- Seeing, hearing, or smelling things that aren’t there (hallucinations)
- Blind spots (scotomas)
- Seeing zigzag patterns (fortification spectra)
- Vision loss in a portion of the eye of one or both eyes
- Seeing flashing lights (scintilla)
- Prickling, tingling, or numbness (paresthesia)
- Trouble finding words or speaking (aphasia)
- The aura normally lasts less than an hour. Some symptoms might progress into the headache phase.
Migraine pain is persistent or throbs. You ordinarily feel it on the front or side of your head, surrounding the eyes. Adults are more likely to hurt on just one side. A headache may last from an hour to 3 days.
Besides pain, other migraine symptoms may include:
- Dizziness or spinning (vertigo)
- Upset stomach or vomiting
- Hot flashes and chills
- Stuff or a runny nose
- Soreness in the neck or jaw
- Sensation to light, sounds, smells, touch, or motion
Your physician will give you a physical exam and check your, reflexes muscles, speech, and senses to test the nerves in your head. He’ll also ask questions about your health history.
Do other family members have a migraine or other kinds of headaches?
What medications do you take, encompassing birth control pills or blood pressure medications?
Do your headaches begin after working hard, sneezing, or coughing?
Blood tests and imaging, such as CT scan, X-ray, or MRI, can assist excluding other causes of an infection and bleeding.
If you are experiencing a migraine with aura, remain in a quiet, dark room. Try cold compresses or pressure on the painful areas.
Pain-relievers like acetaminophen, aspirin, or a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen or naproxen, may help. Your physician can order larger doses of NSAIDs.
The prescription medications such as rizatriptan (Maxalt) and sumatriptan (Imitrex) lessen the pain and associated features.
Other medications can relieve associated symptoms such as nausea and vomiting.
A technique called a transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) uses a pulse of magnetic energy to stimulate the part of your brain, which can prevent or lessen the pain. You’ll need a prescription to get this gadget, which you put on the back of your head when you experience the aura starts.
Some medicines that treat other conditions can prevent migraines, too:
Heart and blood pressure medications referred to as beta-blockers, including atenolol (Tenormin), timolol (Blocadren), and propranolol (Inderal).
Antidepressants such as nortriptyline (Pamelor), and amitriptyline (Elavil).
Anti-seizure medications such as topiramate (Topamax) or valproic acid (Depakote, Depakene)
Your physician may select a headband-like device that creates electrical shocks on your skin. When it’s on, you’ll feel a sensation or massage feeling on your forehead. This stimulates the nerve linked with migraine headaches. You use it daily to prevent headaches.
Avoid your triggers. Common ones include:
- Flickering or flashing light
- Being sick, tired, or hungry
- Hormone level changes
- Air pressure or altitude changes
- A headache journal can assist you, and your doctor figures out what might set off your headaches. Keep records of the date and time of a migraine, any foods you ate, what you were doing, and any drugs you took just before having the headache. It may take several weeks to begin to see a pattern.