MDMA (3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine) is an amphetamine analog with stimulant and hallucinogenic effects.
(See also amphetamines.)
MDMA (3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine) is an amphetamine analog with stimulant and hallucinogenic effects. (See also amphetamines.) MDMA acts primarily on neurons that produce serotonin and release, but also has an effect on dopaminergic neurons. MDMA is taken as a tablet, as a rule; its effects set 30-60 minutes after ingestion and typically last 4-6 hours. MDMA is often used in discos, concerts and parties. Symptoms and complaints MDMA causes a state of arousal and lack of inhibition and increases physical perception, empathy and feelings of interpersonal closeness. Toxic effects are similar to those of the other amphetamines, but less frequently, perhaps because the use is more intermittent. But even for occasional use significant problems such as hyperthermia and centrally mediated hyponatremia may occur. The effects of an intermittent, occasional use are not clearly documented. Rarely occurs fulminant hepatic failure. A repeated use over long periods of time can lead to problems similar to amphetamines, including dependence. Some users develop paranoid symptoms. With repeated frequent consumption may lead to a decline of cognitive functions. Diagnosis Clinical Investigation MDMA may not in routine urine rapid tests (immunoassays) are detected. Symptomatic therapy treatment of acute poisoning, and depending Treatment of acute intoxication and dependence is similar to the treatment for amphetamines; However, the treatment of acute overdose is rarely required.