Mental Health:Understanding Body Dysmorphic Disorder

body-dysmorphic-disorder-signsBody dysmorphia is a mental disorder in which someone can not stop thinking about one or more perceived defects or flaws in his or her appearance. – Flow to others, is either very minor or not even observable. However, you may feel very anxious or humiliated that yo may avoid social situations.

When someone has body dysmorphic disorder, He or She will be intensely obsessing over he is or her appearance and body image. They can repeatedly check the mirror, grooming or wanting to seek assurance sometimes for many hours each You perceived flaw, and repetitive behavior can cause you distress and impact your ability to function in your daily life.
Sufferers of body dysmorphia may seek various cosmetic procedures to try to fix your perceived flaw. Afterward, they may feel a temporary satisfaction but often the anxiety returns, and they may resume searching for a way to fix you perceived flaw.

Treatment of body dysmorphic disorder may include cognitive behavioral therapy and medication.


Symptoms
Symptoms and signs of body dysmorphic disorder include:

  1. Being extremely preoccupied with a precise flat in appearance that can be seen or is extremely minor.
  2. Significant feeling that you have a defect in your appearance that makes you deformed or ugly.
  3. The belief that other take special notice of your appearance in a negative way or make fun of or mock you.
  4. Engaging in behavior aimed at fixing or hiding the perceived flaw that is difficult to resolve or control,
  5. such as checking the mirror frequently, grooming or skin picking.
  6. Attempting to hide perceived flaws with styling, makeup or clothes.
  7. Always comparing their looks appearance with others.
  8. Always seeking reassurance about your appearance from other people
  9. Perfectionist tendencies when it comes to your appearance
  10. Seeking frequent cosmetic surgery
  11. Avoid Social circumstances.
  12. Being preoccupied with appearance that causes major distress or problems in your social life, work,

Obsessing over one or more parts of the body, The features that you focus on may vary over time. The most prevalent features people obsess about include:

  • Face, such as nose, wrinkles complexion, acne, and other blemishes
  • Skin and Vein Appearance
  • Breast size
  • Genitalia
  • Muscle size and tone
  • Hair and space such thinning and baldness

Insight about body dysmorphia changes, You can recognize that your beliefs about your perceived flaws not be accurate, or think that they probably are true or be convinced that they are true.

Body dysmorphia disorder usually does not get better on its own, if is not treated. It may get worse over time, leading to severe depression, anxiety, and extension medical bills and may result in suicidal behavior ad thoughts.

Causes Of Dysmorphic Behavior

It is not known what causes body dysmorphia disorder. Similar to other mental illnesses, body dysmorphia disorder can be a result from a variety fo causes.

Differences in the brain. Abnormalities in brain structure or neurochemistry can have a role in producing body dysmorphic disorder.

Genes – Several studies show that body dysmorphic disorder is more prevalent in people whose close relatives also have this condition or obsessive -compulsive disorder.

Environment Life experiences and culture may contribute to body dysmorphic disorder, especially if they are involved negative social evaluations about your body or self, image even childhood neglect or abuse.

635836512304302027-1494112161_bdd1Risk Factors

Certain factors seem to raise the risk of developing or triggering body dysmorphic disorder, including

Negative life experiences, such as teasing during childhood and trauma
Having someone in your family with body dysmorphic disorder or obsessive- compulsive disorder
Societal pressure or expectation of beauty
Having another psychiatric disorder, such an anxiety or depression
Certain personality traits, such as perfectionism.

Complications

  • Complications that may be caused by or related to body dysmorphic disorder include:
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Health problems from behavior such as skin picking
  • Eating disorders
  • Suicidal through or behavior
  • Substance abuse
  • Major depression or other mood disorders

Diagnosis of Body Dysmorphic Disorder

After a medical evaluation to assist ruling out other medical conditions, your doctor may make a referral to a mental health professional for further testing.

Diagnosis of body dysmorphic disorder is typically based on

  • Personal, social, family, and medical history
  • Symptoms listed in Diagnostic and ethical manual of me disorders. (DSM-5)
  • A psychological evaluation that assesses risk factors and through, feelings and behaviors related to navigating self -image.

Body Dysmorphia Treatment

Treatment for body dysmorphia disorder is often a combination of medications and cognitive behavioral therapy.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Cognitive Behavioral therapy for body dysmorphic disorders concentrate on:

  • Teaching you other behaviors to improve your mental health and well-being
  • Learn different alternatives to handle urges and ritual that help decrease mirror checking or seeking reassurance
  • Defying automatic negative feelings and thoughts about your body image, learning more realistic and flexible ways fo thinking about your body.
  • Learn how negative beliefs, behaviors and emotional reactions can continue or exacerbate problems over time.

You and your therapist can discuss your goals for therapy and create a personal treatment plan to learn and strengthen your coping skills.

Medication and Drugs

There are medications specifically for body dysmorphic disorder treatment approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Other medications that may be effective are used to treat other disorders such as depression.

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Since body dysmorphic disorder is considered to be caused in part by problems associated with the chemical brain serotonin., SSRIs may be prescribed by your doctor SSRIs seem to be more efficient for body dysmorphic disorder than other antidepressants, and may assist in controlling obsessive, compulsive or repetitive behavior.

In some case, body dysmorphia may be so severe it is recommended that you receive psychiatric hospitalization. This is recommended when you are no longer able to keep up with day to day routines and responsibility, or you are in immediate danger of harming yourself.

Changes In Lifestyle

Body dysmorphic disorder needs mental health treatment from professionals. However, there are things you can do to build a treatment plan.

  1. Stick to your treatment plan, do not skip therapy even if you do not feel well or like going. Resist the lure to skip your medications if you stop; symptoms may return. You can also experience withdrawal symptoms for stopping medication too quickly.
  2. Learn about your disorder. Education is key to understanding the disorder and motivating you sticking to your treatment plan.
  3. Pay attention to warning signs that may trigger your symptoms. Reach out to your doctor or therapist if you notice any changes.
  4. Practice the strategies that you learn during therapy to build better habits
  5. Avoid alcohol or drugs, Alcohol and recreation drugs can worsen the symptoms of body dysmorphia or cause a reaction to the medications you are taking.
  6. Become active, Physical activity and exercise help manage symptoms. Do a physical active to hep combat stress, anxiety, and depression. Consider any form of activity you may enjoy, walking, jogging, swimming or biking may be good options.

Coping and Support

You should discuss with your doctor about improving your coping skill and ways identify, and monitor your thoughts and behavior so you can change.

Here are some tips for dealing with body dysmorphic disorder.

  • Write a journal,
  • Don’t become socially isolated – participate in normal activities
  • Take care of yourself by staying healthy and physically active
  • Read important material on self-help – talk to your doctor and therapist
  • Join Support Group – connect with others to share and learn
  • Stay focused on your goals; you will need to stay motivated
  • Learn how to relax and reduce stress. Some exercises can be done, such as meditation, yoga.
  • Do not make decisions when you are distressed or upset since you may not be thinking clearly.

Prevention

There are not any known ways of preventing body dysmorphic disorder, however, it often start in the early teenage years, identifying it earlier can help so that treatment can be started as soon as possible.


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