Lack Of Essential Fatty Acids

A lack of essential fatty acids, however, rarely occurs mostly in infants whose diet does not contain enough of it. As a sign of this nutrient deficiency, a scaly dermatitis, alopecia, thrombocytopenia and mental retardation in children apply. The diagnosis is made clinically. A supply of the fatty acids in the diet eliminated him.

(See also Overview of malnutrition.)

A lack of essential fatty acids, however, rarely occurs mostly in infants whose diet does not contain enough of it. As a sign of this nutrient deficiency, a scaly dermatitis, alopecia, thrombocytopenia and mental retardation in children apply. The diagnosis is made clinically. A supply of the fatty acids in the diet eliminated him. (See also Overview of malnutrition.) With linoleic acid and linolenic acid, the essential fatty acids, takes place the endogenous synthesis of other fatty acids that are essential for numerous physiological processes such as maintaining a healthy skin and intact cell membranes and the synthesis of prostaglandins and leukotrienes. Eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid, which are synthesized from essential fatty acids are important building blocks of the brain and the retina. Thus, a lack of essential fatty acids developed whose intake must be very low in the diet, as even small amounts can prevent a deficiency. Cow’s milk provides only about 25% of linoleic acid contained in milk. However, it is digested normally, the linoleic acid thus obtained is sufficient to prevent a deficiency of essential fatty acids. The fat intake of many people in developing countries may be very low overall, but often is this is to vegetable fats, which contain large amounts of linoleic acid and linolenic acid sufficient so as not to leave an insufficient supply of essential fatty acids are formed. Babies who are fed infant formula made from skimmed milk, which was added little linoleic acid may develop a deficiency of essential fatty acids. Even with long-term parenteral nutrition without fat addition of this deficiency arose. Today, however, most of parenteral solutions containing fat emulsions, to avoid a deficiency in essential fatty acids. In patients with fat malabsorption or increased metabolic demand such. As after surgery, trauma, or burns can indicate laboratory values ??to a lack of essential fatty acids without clinical signs are present for it. Triggered this form of malnutrition scaly dermatitis occurs generalized. In children, it is similar to ichthyosis congenitalis. The dermatitis increases water loss through the skin. The diagnosis of fatty acid deficiency occurs clinically in general, but are now in research centers in the laboratory evaluations possible. The treatment of a fatty acid deficiency is completely eliminated by the supply of essential fatty acids in the diet.

Health Life Media Team

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