Injury Prevention In The Elderly

Falls Older people are prone to injuries from falls (falls in the elderly). A program to prevent falls, including exercises (with or without physical therapy) and vitamin D replacement therapy should be implemented in people who are at high risk of falling or who have already fallen. Risks while driving all the elderly should be reminded to buckle up and not to drive when they are under the influence of alcohol or psychotropic drugs. For older people, the risk of injuring themselves and others while driving, higher than for younger adults due to age-related changes and disorders that are frequently present in older people. The ability to drive should be using detected by other issues and, as appropriate, by the formal evaluation of each of the following disorders. Poor visual acuity dementia Significant functional limitation of movement of the neck or trunk poor motor coordination bradykinesia should also concern of a family member or friend regarding the driving ability of the pull patients further investigation and assessment by itself. The formal assessment of the driving ability can be performed by an occupational therapists (Functional Assessment of older drivers). Many states have laws that order that the doctor reports allegedly impaired drivers. It requires sensitivity if a health professional must recommend to stop driving because such a proposal threatens the autonomy. Domestic risks There are many home hazards. People with peripheral neuropathy have z. B. an increased risk of scalding due to hot water; Scalds can be avoided to <49 ° C by setting the hot water temperature. For people with dementia the use of electrical appliances and gas equipment is particularly dangerous; the use of alarm systems and automatic Abschaltefunktionen of devices can be helpful. Smoke and carbon monoxide detectors should be installed and maintained. Firearms must be safely stored or removed from the apartment. To identify hazards, all patients or their caregivers of home security can respect a checklist. Lead. Physical and occupational therapists can make home visits to assess patient safety.

Health Life Media Team

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