Inflammatory Diseases Of The Orbit

(Inflammatory orbital pseudotumor)

An inflammatory disease of the orbit is a benign space-occupying inflammation, which also relates to the bulbar tissue.

An inflammation of the orbit (orbital inflammatory pseudotumor) may involve some or all structures within the orbit. The inflammatory response can be non-specific, granulomatous or vasculitis or due to reactive lymphoid hyperplasia. The inflammation can occur as an accompanying symptom of an underlying disease or isolated. Patients of all ages can be affected. The inflammatory process can be acute or chronic and recur.

An inflammatory disease of the orbit is a benign space-occupying inflammation, which also relates to the bulbar tissue. An inflammation of the orbit (orbital inflammatory pseudotumor) may involve some or all structures within the orbit. The inflammatory response can be non-specific, granulomatous or vasculitis or due to reactive lymphoid hyperplasia. The inflammation can occur as an accompanying symptom of an underlying disease or isolated. Patients of all ages can be affected. The inflammatory process can be acute or chronic and recur. Symptoms and complaints Typical symptoms and clinical signs include sudden pain along with swelling and eyelid erythema. Also proptosis, diplopia and loss of vision are possible. In cases of reactive lymphoid hyperplasia, there are typically only a few symptoms other than Proptosis or swelling. Diagnostic CT or MRI Similar findings occur in a orbital cellulitis (periorbital and orbital cellulitis), but absent trauma history or neighboring infection (eg. As sinusitis). A neurological imaging with CT or MRI is required. In chronic or recurrent disease, a biopsy can be performed to obtain an indication of an underlying medical condition. Treatment Treatment depends on the type of inflammatory response and can beihnhalten oral corticosteroids, radiation and one of the many means of immune stimulation. In difficult cases, some initial success with monoclonal antibodies to TNF-alpha or with another monoclonal antibody that lymphocyte depletion are causes occurred.

Health Life Media Team

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