Impact Of Transitions For The Elderly

The retirement is often the first major transition, are confronted with the elderly. Its impact on physical and mental health differ from person to person, depending on the setting of and reason for retirement. About a third of retirees have difficulty adjusting to certain aspects of retirement, such as reduced income and changing social role and claims adapt. Some people go voluntarily to retire because they had been looking forward to end a work; others are forced to retire (z. B. because of health problems or job loss). Adequate preparation for retirement and consultation for pensioners and families who have difficulties with, can be helpful.

Late stages of life are usually a period of transitions (eg. As retirement, relocation), and an adaptation to losses. The retirement is often the first major transition, are confronted with the elderly. Its impact on physical and mental health differ from person to person, depending on the setting of and reason for retirement. About a third of retirees have difficulty adjusting to certain aspects of retirement, such as reduced income and changing social role and claims adapt. Some people go voluntarily to retire because they had been looking forward to end a work; others are forced to retire (z. B. because of health problems or job loss). Adequate preparation for retirement and consultation for pensioners and families who have difficulties with, can be helpful. Relocation may occur in old age several times, for. As in a retirement home with desirable amenities into smaller quarters to reduce the burden of care to siblings or adult children or in a residential care facility. The physical and mental condition are significant predictors of adaptation to the change of location, as well as a thoughtful and adequate preparation. People who respond poorly to resettlement, more likely to live alone, are socially isolated, poor and depressed. Men are less sensitive than women. The less people have the feeling that you can control the relocation, and the less predictable the new environment seems to be, the greater the move stress. People should familiarize themselves in advance with the new circumstances. For the cognitive affects people a departure from the familiar environment can exacerbate the functional dependence and counterproductive behavior. Because of financial, social and other complications are some older adults believe they would, despite their desire for a move to the problematic apartment or area remain. Social workers can help to assess the options for a relocation or changes in the home. Bereavement affects many areas of life of the elderly. Social interaction and camaraderie z can. B. decrease and the social status can change. The death of a spouse affects men and women differently. In the 2 years after the death of the wife, the mortality increased in men tend to be, especially when the death of the woman was unexpected. For women who lose their husbands, there are only less clear information, but they do not usually indicate an increased mortality down. Insomnia and anxiety are normal bereavement; These effects usually disappear within months without drug treatment. In contrast, persistent, pathological grief is characterized by the following features: symptoms that are typical of a depressive episode and> 2 months last guilt feelings about things that are not directly related to the loss of thoughts about death, unrelated to the do survivorship have morbid concern with worthlessness hallucinations that are not related to hearing and seeing the deceased caregivers and health professionals should be aware of these symptoms and develop an awareness that grieving patients are at high risk of suicide and a declining health. Timely screening for depression and suicidal thoughts is essential. Counseling and support services (eg. As support groups for widows) can make difficult transitions easier. The short-term use of anxiolytics can help patients with excessive anxiety. However, excessive or prolonged use should be avoided, as it can interfere with the grieving process and adaptation. Longer, pathological grief usually requires a psychiatric evaluation and treatment.

Health Life Media Team

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